tendon sheath


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sheath

 [shēth]
a tubular case or envelope.
arachnoid sheath the delicate membrane between the pial sheath and the dural sheath of the optic nerve.
carotid sheath a portion of the cervical fascia enclosing the carotid artery, internal jugular vein, vagus nerve, and sympathetic nerves supplying the head.
connective tissue sheath of Key and Retzius endoneurium.
crural sheath femoral sheath.
dural sheath the external investment of the optic nerve.
femoral sheath the fascial sheath of the femoral vessels.
Henle's sheath endoneurium.
lamellar sheath the perineurium.
medullary sheath myelin sheath.
myelin sheath (nerve sheath) the sheath surrounding the axon of myelinated nerve cells, consisting of concentric layers of myelin formed in the peripheral nervous system by the plasma membrane of Schwann cells, and in the central nervous system by the plasma membrane of oligodendrocytes. It is interrupted at intervals along the length of the axon by gaps known as nodes of Ranvier. Myelin is an electrical insulator that serves to speed the conduction of nerve impulses (see saltatory conduction).
pial sheath the innermost of the three sheaths of the optic nerve.
root sheath the epidermic layer of a hair follicle.
sheath of Schwann neurilemma.
synovial sheath synovial membrane lining the cavity of a bone through which a tendon moves.
tendon sheath a lubricated fibrous or synovial layer of tissue in which the tendon is housed and through which it moves.

tendon sheath

A dense fibrous sheath that confines a tendon to an osseous groove, converting it into an osteofibrous canal. It is found principally in the wrist and ankle.
See: synovial sheath
See also: sheath

Tendon sheath

A membrane covering a tendon.
Mentioned in: Trigger Finger

tendon

a sheet, cord or band of strong white fibrous tissue that connects a muscle to a bone or other structure. When the muscle contracts, or shortens, it pulls on the tendon. Tendons serve to convey an action to a remote site, change the direction of pull and focus the force. Sheetlike tendons (aponeuroses) serve to support and squeeze, cordlike ones to act on joints. See also cunean tendon.

tendon aponeuroses
bowed tendon
chronic tendinitis of the superficial flexor tendons, usually of the front limbs, of a horse. The horse is lame or inclined to lameness, the tendon is thickened and is visibly enlarged. It may be painful on palpation in the early, acute stages.
calcaneal tendon
tendon cartilaginous metaplasia
focal metaplasia with the formation of cartilage in tendons causes no apparent harm and is considered to be normal.
common calcanean tendon
congenital tendon contracture
an inherited contracture of multiple tendons is identified in cattle. The joints are fixed in extension or flexion and cause serious dystocia. See also akabane virus disease.
Enlarge picture
Congenital contracture of flexor tendons. By permission from Blowey RW, Weaver AD, Diseases and Disorders of Cattle, Mosby, 1997
contracted t's
see tendon contracture (below).
tendon contracture
permanent contraction of a tendon caused by chronic tendinitis. Most commonly of the flexor tendons of the digit in the horse. The action of the affected limb is restricted and the limb is not fully extended at rest causing the animal to stand up on its toe. Called also contracted tendons.
flexor t's
tendons of the superficial and deep flexor muscles of the digit. Commonly strained, lacerated and separated in the racing horse.
tendon graft
done in horses with badly torn or ruptured flexor tendons. Autologous grafts are taken from the lateral digital extensor tendon.
hamstring tendon
tendon implants
internal biceps tendon
a core of fibrous tissue within the biceps muscle of horses which serves a significant role in the stay apparatus.
interosseous tendon
suspensory ligament (1).
tendon luxation
slipping of the superficial flexor tendon of the hindlimb of the horse off the tuber calcis, usually in the medial direction; also occurs rarely in dogs and ostriches. See also perosis.
tendon osseous metaplasia
a pathological abnormality and usually attended by abnormality of movement. See also tendon ossification (below).
tendon ossification
occurs extensively in gallinaceous birds in the tendons of the legs and feet, the wings and the epaxial musculature. Although the ossification may be extensive the birds are normal and the reasons for the changes are unknown.
prepubic tendon
the tendon of insertion of the two abdominal recti muscles on to the pubis.
tendon sheath
a fluid-filled sleeve that resembles a synovial bursa wrapped around the tendon so as to form a continuous sheath, except for the mesotendon.
tendon splitting
performed by slitting the superficial flexor tendon (or the suspensory ligament) along its long axis and from lateral to medial sides as a treatment for tendinitis. The objective is to stimulate vascularization and hasten repair.
tendon sprain
see sprain.
sprained tendon
see tendon strain (below).
tendon strain
the injury caused to flexor tendons in the horse during racing. Most commonly affected is the superficial flexor tendon in the front limb. See also bowed tendon (above). Called also sprained tendon.
symphysial tendon
a vertical median sheet which hangs from the pubic symphysis and provides an origin for the medial thigh muscles.
References in periodicals archive ?
Pigmented villonodular synovitis, bursitis and tenosynovitis: a discussion of the synovial and bursal equivalents of the tenosynovial lesions commonly denoted as xanthoma, xanthogranuloma, giant cell tumor, or myeloma of the tendon sheath, with some consideration of the tendon sheath lesion itself.
Oni OO, A tendon sheath tumour presenting as a trigger finger.
The cells which initiate the reparative process were derived from the outer surface of tendon, the tendon sheath or from the paratenon [1].
Tenosynovitis - This is caused by irritation of the tendon sheaths in the arm.
Local steroid infiltration into the tendon sheath may be required if conservative measures with NSAIDs and wrist/thumb splint fail.
The differential diagnoses of SAFM include CD34-immunopositive neoplasms, such as dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans, superficial angiomyxoma, and myxoid neurofibroma, and CD34-immunonegative neoplasms, such as giant cell tumor of the tendon sheath, glomus tumor, sclerosing perineuroma, fibrous histiocytoma, and acral fibrokeratoma.
Stains confirming the diagnosis of diffuse PVNS, synonymously known as diffuse giant cell tumor of tendon sheath, included a positive CD68, an elevated MIB-1, and a positive Prussian blue stain for iron.
If the shoulder joint capsule ruptures, extravasation occurs in either the subscapularis recess or the biceps tendon sheath and not into the subacromial-subdeltoid bursa.
He added: "Earlier in the season she got a haematoma under a tendon sheath in her leg.
It is caused by fluid from a joint or tendon sheath swelling into the surrounding areas.
His playing days were threatened just over two yearsa go when, just about to leave for a tournament, he grabbed the collar of his springer spaniel and it lurched away from him, tearing ligaments in the ring finger and little finger of his left hand and ripping the tendon sheath.
2) The visualization of the needle in real-time imaging allows for the reliable placement of the needle tip in the tendon sheath, bursa, or joint of interest.