Dairy meal should be fed after milking so that the cow remains standing until the teat canal
Keeping the ends of the teats in good conditions is extremely important because the sphincter muscle in that region plays a crucial role in teat canal
contraction keeping it closed between milkings, thereby preventing the entry of pathogens into the mammary gland.
B-mode ultrasound images in a water bath taken vertically with the axis longitudinally through the teat canal
of the total mammary cisternal area in cows (Bos taurus L.
Various microbial agents first get entry into teat canal
, multiplies in mammary parenchyma, inflammation starts and the resultant is the mastitis (Memon et al.
Bacteria are the main cause of disease and the route of infection is usually through the teat canal
Du Preez (1986) suggested that bacteria colonizing the teat canal
produce toxins that diffuse to the interior of the udder, thus producing an inflammatory response and damage to mammary parenchyma.
coli in mastitis samples may be due to poor hygienic conditions, as it mainly originates from farm environment and infects udder via teat canal
(Sumathi et al.
confusa to adhere to epithelial cells of bovine teat canal
, the capacity of the strain to persist in the udder and histopathological changes of the canal and cistern of the udder PI of W.
Bacteria entering the udder via the teat canal
multiply given optimal conditions for growth.
Initially, immediately after dry cow antibiotics have been infused in to the teat ( the high risk period when the teat canal
can remain open to infection for seven to 10 days before it forms a natural plug.
Mastitis is caused when bacteria get up into the teat canal
through either poor milking techniques, laying down on dirty areas, or injury.
The advantage to removing this milk from the teat canal
is that it will improve milk quality and reduce the potent: organisms moving up into the mammary also a great wa or visually check, for infected quarters in a herd.