table salt

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1. A compound formed by the interaction of an acid and a base, the ionizable hydrogen atoms of the acid are replaced by the positive ion of the base.
2. Sodium chloride, the prototypical salt. Synonym(s): table salt
3. A saline cathartic, especially magnesium sulfate, sodium sulfate, or Rochelle salt; often denoted by the plural, salts.
Synonym(s): sal
[L. sal]

table salt

Natrum muriaticum, see there.

Sodium chloride, see there.


1. Sodium chloride.
2. Pert. to, containing or treated with salt.
3. To treat with salt or make salty.
4. Any mineral salt or saline mixture used as an aperient or cathartic, e.g., epsom salts or Glauber salt.
5. In chemistry, a compound consisting of a positive ion other than hydrogen and a negative ion other than hydroxyl.
6. A chemical compound resulting from the interaction of an acid and a base.

Salts and water are the inorganic (mineral) constituents of the body. They play specific roles in the functions of cells and are indispensable for life. The principal salts are chlorides, carbonates, bicarbonates, sulfates, and phosphates, combined with sodium, potassium, calcium, or magnesium.

Salts serve the following roles in the body: maintenance of proper osmotic conditions; maintenance of water balance; regulation of blood volume; maintenance of proper acid-base balance; provision for essential constituents of tissue, esp. of bones and teeth; maintenance of normal irritability of muscle and nerve cells; maintenance of conditions for coagulation of the blood; provision for essential components of certain enzyme systems, respiratory pigments and hormones; and regulation of cell membrane and capillary permeability. See: sodium chloride

acid salt

A salt in which one or more hydrogen atoms is replaceable.

alkaline salts

aminohippuric acid sodium salt

The sodium salt of aminohippuric acid. It is given intravenously to test renal blood flow and the excretory capacity of the renal tubules.

basic salt

1. A salt retaining the ability to react with an acid radical.
2. A salt of a strong base and a weak acid, which has a pH > 7.0, e.g., sodium acetate.

bath salts

1. Any of several water-soluble inorganic crystalline compounds, such as Epsom salts (magnesium sulfate), baking soda (sodium bicarbonate), or table salt (sodium chloride), usually colored and scented, and designed to be added to a bath. The salts soften the bathwater and purportedly improve cleaning and enhance the bathing experience.
2. Methylenedioxypyrovalerone.

bile salt

Any of the alkali salts of bile sodium glycocholate and sodium taurocholate.

buffer salt

A salt that fixes excess amounts of acid or alkali without a change in hydrogen ion concentration.

double salt

Any salt formed from two other salts.

epsom salt

Magnesium sulfate.

glow salt

Rubbing of the entire body with moist salt for stimulation.

hypochlorite salt

A salt of hypochlorous acid used in household bleach and as an oxidizer, deodorant, and disinfectant.

iodized salt

A salt containing a trace amount of sodium or potassium iodide in sodium chloride. It is an important source of iodine in the diet. Its use prevents goiter due to iodine deficiency.

neutral salt

An ionic compound containing no replaceable hydrogen or hydroxyl ions.

Rochelle salt

Potassium sodium tartrate, a colorless, transparent powder having a cooling and saline taste and formerly used as a saline cathartic.

rock salt

Sodium chloride in its natural state of rocklike masses in beds or flats.

sea salt

A mixture of salts, mainly sodium chloride, obtained by evaporation from sea water.

smelling salt

A colloquial term for aromatic spirits of ammonia. When the sealed capsule is opened, pungent ammonia gas is released.
CAS # 506-87-6

substitute salt

A chemical, e.g., potassium chloride, with a flavor like that of table salt but with a negligible sodium content. It is used by those whose medical condition requires limited sodium intake.

table salt

Sodium chloride.
References in periodicals archive ?
Concentrations of all the toxic metals were recorded in [micro]g/g and are enlisted in Table 2 for refined table salt samples and in Table 3 for bakery salt samples.
Nutrient content: Both sea salt and table salt have similar amounts of sodium chloride so lower sodium is not the reason to choose a more expensive sea salt.
It can enhance the natural taste of every dish with its distinct umami flavour, while using 30 percent less sodium than table salt.
The jaw-dropping discovery," he says, would be bringing the exotic compounds back to ambient conditions--in other words, if chemists could make metallic table salt.
Table salt, also known as sodium chloride or NaCl, is one of the best-known and most studied chemical compounds.
Just one teaspoon of table salt has 2,325 milligrams (mg) of sodium.
BRASS or Copper: Combine half a cup of all purpose flour, half a cup of table salt, and half a cup of powdered non biological laundry detergent.
People who do not use table salt should monitor their dietary iodine intake and take a low-dose iodine supplement (e.
It is promoted as offering a more flavorful alternative to table salt, which is processed to remove those trace minerals.
Iodine is added to table salt to prevent deficiencies.
Scientists in Singapore said they have discovered a process that can expand the data storage capacity of computer hard disks six-fold by using table salt.
Minister Devananda said that he is planning to have a table salt factory also to manufacture clean Table Salt in the future out of the salt harvested in the Saltern at Elephant