systolic blood pressure

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Related to systolic blood pressure: Diastolic blood pressure

systolic blood pressure

Blood pressure during contraction of the ventricles. It is normally 100 to 120 mm Hg. Higher systolic blood pressures are found in prehypertension and hypertension.
Synonym: systolic pressure
See also: blood pressure

Systolic blood pressure

Blood pressure when the heart contracts (beats).
Mentioned in: Hypertension


force per unit area exerted by a gas/liquid against the walls of its container, or a solid (e.g. foot) against the contact/support surface
  • blood pressure; BP pressure/tension of arterial blood, maintained by ventricular contraction, arteriolar and capillary resistance, arterial wall elasticity and circulating blood viscosity and volume; recorded (using sphygmomanometer and stethoscope or automated blood pressure recorder) by occluding the brachial artery at heart level; as cuff pressure is reduced, blood flow gradually restores; systolic and diastolic BP are noted (Korotkoff's sounds) in mmHg, and expressed as a ratio (systolic/diastolic); normal adult BP = 120/80mmHg; BP is often raised in older people and in diabetes (see antihypertensive agents; hypertension)

  • diastolic BP lowest value (in mmHg) of recorded BP and minimum pressure at which the arterial system operates; occurs at the point of heart muscle relaxation; noted as the last audible arterial bruit (when impedance to blood flow [imposed by the deflating sphygmomanometer cuff] has fully reduced), and arterial blood flow is no longer restricted, and therefore silent; see pressure, systolic BP

  • partial pressure pressure exerted by a gas in a liquid, e.g. pressure of oxygen in blood (P O2); see pulse oximeter

  • systolic BP highest value (in mmHg) of recorded BP and maximum pressure at which the arterial system operates; occurs at the point of heart muscle contraction; noted as the first audible arterial bruit (when impedance to blood flow [imposed by the fully inflated sphygmomanometer cuff] has reduced [following opening of the pressure valve screw]) and arterial flow can just occur, at maximal cardiac contraction

References in periodicals archive ?
For many older Americans, only the systolic blood pressure is high, a condition known as isolated systolic hypertension, or ISH (systolic at or above 140 and diastolic under 90).
A reduction in systolic blood pressure to below 140 mmHg in 41 percent of patients
An annual NIH Report suggests that decreases in systolic blood pressure of 5 mmHg would result in an estimated 14 percent overall reduction in mortality due to stroke, a 9 percent reduction in mortality due to CHD, and a 7 percent decrease in all-cause mortality.
The researchers categorized these people by their baseline systolic blood pressures into six groups, from below 120 mm Hg to 160 mm Hg and above, and calculated each person's risk for an incident ASCVD event according to their baseline ASCVD risk score using the risk calculator that accompanied release of the 2013 cholesterol management guidelines.
At weeks four, eight and 12 weeks, subjects eating the raisins showed a significantly reduced systolic blood pressure (Bays et al, 2012).
In a subgroup analysis of 30 volunteers who had the highest systolic blood pressure readings (129 mm.
A new study performed at Georgetown University Medical Center demonstrates the ability of AstaREAL astaxanthin to significantly lower systolic blood pressure in Zucker Fatty Rats.
Over the course of 13 months, systolic blood pressure differed within individual subjects by 8 millimeters of mercury in the coldest versus the warmest temperature periods.
Reader: My problem is that there does not seem to be a drug that reduces high systolic blood pressure.
Preliminary results from a randomized, controlled trial indicate that participants who underwent a brief psychoeducational intervention program had reductions in systolic blood pressure.
The results demonstrated that gut permeability was increased and that in some animals breathing frequency and systolic blood pressure were temporarily decreased.
It exceeds the 1 to 4 years of added life linked to traits such as having low systolic blood pressure, low cholesterol, moderate body weight, and no history of cigarette smoking.