Recent literature has documented reports of acute kidney injury (AKI) in association with the use of synthetic cannabinoids
(SCB); however, the pathogenesis of this complication is not known.
The synthetic cannabinoids
have been marketed as herbal smoking mixtures under names such as Spice Gold, K2, Kronic and Exodus Damnation.
Researchers created synthetic cannabinoids
in the 1980s as tools to understand the body's endocannabinoid system, which is involved in learning, memory, appetite, fighting disease and pain.
are also known as "K2" or "spice" to users, Baumann says.
Surveillance by the nations' poison control centers and reports of emergency room visits resulting from synthetic cannabinoid
use show that adverse health effects are occurring frequently across the country.
use associated with acute kidney Injury.
Some of the most popular street and product names for synthetic cannabinoid
in Texas are Crush, Climax, World's Finest, Nice Guys, Dopey the Dope, Killer Gorilla, Space Cadet, Amsterdam, Spice, Potpourri, Scobey Snacks, Godfather, Rainbow, Mega Buzz, and Serenity.
overdose in a 20-year-old male US soldier.
bath salts), products that contain synthetic cannabinoid
Spice, a synthetic cannabinoid
, was recently placed on the DEA temporary list of controlled substances.
The release of the March 25, 2010 NAVADMIN 108/10 reemphasized Navy policy on substance abuse, specifically prohibiting possession of substances that contain synthetic cannabinoid
These products are typically sold as incense or potpourri and consist of synthetic cannabinoid
chemicals sprayed on dried leaves, flowers and herbs.