A clinical diagnosis was made according to the following syndromal
diagnostic category groupings: psychotic disorders (schizophrenia/other psychotic disorders/substance induced); substance use disorders, abuse and dependence (methamphetamine/cannabis/alcohol/other substances); mood disorders (bipolar mood disorder/major depressive disorder/ other mood disorder); anxiety disorders; dementias; suicide attempts; medical/surgical conditions; and other psychiatric diagnoses.
Jamison actually uses this point to illustrate the close relationship between manic depression and the artistic temperament, and to argue that while the illness can be seasonal (circadian), one-third of those with cyclothymia "eventually [develop] full syndromal
depression, hypomania, or mania" (15).
A diagnostic framework of broad syndromal
categories will then provide a basis to direct further enquiry.
108) See Frank & Anderson, supra note 106, at 81 (finding that rape victims frequently develop posttraumatic stress disorder); Nemeroff & Goldschmidt-Clermont, supra note 107, at 5 (finding that syndromal
posttraumatic stress disorder may develop in a significant minority of trauma victims); Barbara Olasov Rothbaum et al.
Can functional analysis provide a substitute for syndromal
The Lay Concept of Conduct Disorder: Do Nonprofessionals Use Syndromal
Symptoms or Internal Dysfunction to Distinguish Disorder from Delinquency?
This landmark IOM report described how substance use should be conceptualized as being on a spectrum from risky use to problem use to syndromal
use, with the syndrome of addiction (called Substance Dependence in the DSM IV (American Psychiatric Association 1994)) being "the tip of the iceberg" in now-famous, and somewhat controversial, diagrams in the report.
A prospective 12-year study of subsyndromal and syndromal
depressive symptoms in unipolar major depressive disorders.
Secondly, this idea assumes that sex offenders against children comprise a distinct group with distinct syndromal
characteristics, expressed via their implicit categorization of children.
The results suggest that characteristics of youth with comorbid bipolar and anxiety disorders include more syndromal
and subsyndromal mixed cycling, more depression, and less euthymia than did bipolar youth without comorbid anxiety, the researchers said.
The material is presented in four sections outlining mechanisms of tumorigenesis, progression, and metastasis and molecular events contributing to hereditary tumor diseases; reviewing syndromal
types of hereditary tumors; discussing hereditary tumor conditions associated with specific organs and sites; and examining trends in genetic counseling, psycho-oncology, and molecular targeted therapy.
No specific post-TBI emotional, affective, or "para-autistic" syndromal
criteria or assessment scales have been developed at this time.