syndactyly


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syndactyly

 [sin-dak´tĭ-le]
the most common congenital anomaly of the hand, probably an inherited condition, marked by persistence of webbing between digits (webbed fingers or toes), so that they are more or less completely attached.

syn·dac·ty·ly

(sin-dak'ti-lē),
Any degree of webbing or fusion of fingers or toes, involving soft parts only or including bone structure; usually autosomal dominant inheritance.
[syn- + G. daktylos, finger or toe]

syndactyly

/syn·dac·ty·ly/ (-dak´tĭ-le) persistence of webbing between adjacent digits of the hand or foot, so that they are more or less completely fused together.syndac´tylous

syndactyly

(sĭn-dăk′tə-lē) or

syndactylism

(-tə-lĭz′əm)
n.
1. The condition of having two or more fused digits, as occurs normally in certain mammals and birds.
2. A congenital anomaly in humans marked by webbing or fusion of the fingers or toes.

syndactyly

[sindak′təlē]
Etymology: Gk, syn + daktylos, finger
a congenital anomaly characterized by the fusion of the fingers or toes. It varies in degree of severity from incomplete webbing of the skin of two digits to complete union of digits and fusion of the bones and nails. Also called syndactylia, syndactylism. syndactyl, syndactylous, adj.
enlarge picture
Mild syndactyly of the fingers

syndactyly

Neonatology Fusion of fingers, which may be cutaneous, due to bridging soft tissues, or osseous, due to bone fusion of varying severity; in general, only soft tissue syndactylism is treated, without which ostosis develops at the articulations with loss of function. See Rosebud hands.

syn·dac·ty·ly

(sin-dak'ti-lē)
Any degree of webbing or fusion of fingers or toes, involving soft parts only or including bone structure.
Synonym(s): symphalangism (1) , symphalangy, syndactylia, syndactylism.
[syn- + G. daktylos, finger or toe]

syndactyly

Fusion of two or more adjacent fingers or toes. Syndactyly is usually CONGENITAL. The fusion may involve skin only allowing easy surgical separation, but in more severe cases the bones may also be fused.

syndactyly

having two or more digits fused together.

Syndactyly

A fusion of two or more toes or fingers.
Mentioned in: Prolonged QT Syndrome

syndactyly

partial/total webbing of some/all digits, due to soft-tissue and/or bone fusion across adjacent interdigital clefts; of familial pattern; associated with Marfan's and Apert's syndromes

syn·dac·ty·ly

(sin-dak'ti-lē)
Any degree of webbing or fusion of fingers or toes.
Synonym(s): symphalangism (1) , syndactylia.
[syn- + G. daktylos, finger or toe]

syndactyly (sindak´təlē),

n a congenital anomaly characterized by the fusion of fingers or toes, usually as a finding of a more complex congenital syndrome.

syndactylism, syndactyly

fusion of the claws or digits. An inherited defect in several breeds of cattle. Some affected animals are also susceptible to hyperthermia.
References in periodicals archive ?
3-4 cutaneous syndactyly of the infant's right hand is demonstrated.
1) with low intelligence building and red eyes presented to us for syndactaly of both hand and syndactyly of feet.
In humans syndactyly is associated with a mutation in the HoxD-13 gene in a syndrome called synpolydactyly, where bone fusions and duplications in hands and feet occur [9].
Affected members have great phenotypic variability with some individuals having only complete and incomplete cutaneous, pre-axial and postaxial syndactyly and pre-axial and postaxial polydactyly.
The parameters observed in mice, Cleft Palate, Septal defect, Upper limb ectrodactyly, Lower limb ectrodactyly, Upper limb syndactyly and Lower limb syndactyly, showed no sign of abnormality.
35) Of the 22 patients, 20 (91%) had associated syndactyly.
3% of patients with clefts had accompanying developmental anomalies including syndactyly, heart defects, mental and physical retardation and inguinal hernia.
Bilateral partial syndactyly, associated with chemotherapy plus radiotherapy.
1990) which was first described by George Fraser in 1962 [Fraser, 1962], who described the main characteristics as cryptophthalmos (fused upper and lower eyelids), syndactyly and genital abnormalities.
This report depicts two cases, one involving two fingers of hand with syndactyly and the other involving toes.
Congenital cataracts, scoliosis, spina bifida occulta, foot deformities, absent fifth finger, syndactyly, ichthyosis, trichilemmal cysts, leukoderma, white hair, epilepsy, transverse myelitis, microcephaly and multiple basal cell carcinomas are common findings in NCS.
Morphological studies revealed defects like imbalanced axis, hydrocephaly, microphthalmia, cryptophthalmia, open eyelids, meromelia, forelimb micromelia, clinodactyly, syndactyly, subcutaneous hemorrhages and kinky tail.