symphysis


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Related to symphysis: Symphysis pubis, Symphysis menti

symphysis

 [sim´fĭ-sis] (Gr.)
a site or line of union; a type of joint in which the apposed bony surfaces are firmly united by a plate of fibrocartilage.
symphysis menta´lis the line of fusion in the median plane of the mandible that marks the union of the two halves of the mandible.
pubic symphysis (symphysis pu´bis) the line of union of the bodies of the pubic bones in the median plane.

sym·phy·sis

, gen.

sym·phy·ses

(sim'fi-sis, -sēz), [TA]
1. Form of cartilaginous joint in which union between two bones is effected by means of fibrocartilage. Synonym(s): amphiarthrosis
2. A union, meeting point, or commissure of any two structures.
3. A pathologic adhesion or growing together.
[G. a growing together]

symphysis

/sym·phy·sis/ (sim´fĭ-sis) pl. sym´physes   [Gr.] fibrocartilaginous joint; a type of joint in which the apposed bony surfaces are firmly united by a plate of fibrocartilage.
pubic symphysis  the line of union of the bodies of the pubic bones in the median plane.

symphysis

(sĭm′fĭ-sĭs)
n. pl. symphy·ses (-sēz′)
1.
a. A growing together of bones originally separate, as of the two pubic bones or the two halves of the lower jawbone.
b. A line or junction thus formed.
c. An articulation in which bones are united by cartilage without a synovial membrane.
2. The coalescence of similar parts or organs.

sym′phy·se′al (sĭm′fĭ-sē′əl), sym·phys′i·al (sĭm-fĭz′ē-əl) adj.

symphysis

[sim′fəsis] pl. symphyses
Etymology: Gk, growing together
1 also called fibrocartilaginous joint. A line of union, especially a cartilaginous joint in which adjacent bony surfaces are firmly united by fibrocartilage.
2
Usage notes: (informal)
symphysis pubis. symphysic, adj.
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Symphysis

sym·phy·sis

, pl. symphyses (sim'fi-sis, -sēz)
1. [TA] Form of cartilaginous joint in which union between two bones is effected by means of fibrocartilage.
2. A union, meeting point, or commissure of any two structures.
3. A pathologic adhesion or growing together.
[G. a growing together]

symphysis

A joint in which the component bones are immovably held together by strong, fibrous cartilage. There is a symphysis between the two pubic bones at the front of the pelvis.

symphysis

  1. the point of fusion of two bones.
  2. a moveable articulation between bones joined by fibrocartilage.

symphysis

fibrocartilaginous joint, e.g. between paired pubic bones

sym·phy·sis

, pl. symphyses (sim'fi-sis, -sēz)
1. Form of cartilaginous joint in which union between two bones is effected with fibrocartilage.
2. Union, meeting point, or commissure of any two structures.
[G. a growing together]

symphysis (sim´fisis),

n a line of union between two bony surfaces such as the symphysis of the mandible.

symphysis

pl. symphyses [Gr.] a type of joint in which the apposed bony surfaces are firmly united by a plate of fibrocartilage or cartilage; e.g. intermandibular joint, pelvic symphysis. There is usually cartilage against each bone and fibrous tissue or fibrocartilage in the middle.

ischiatic symphysis
the line of fusion between the bodies of the ischia.
mandibular symphysis
the joint between the two halves of the mandible which allows each half to rotate, as in the jaws of the dog, cat, ruminants and many other species, is a cartilaginous symphysis. In the jaws of horses and pigs the mandibles are fused together.
pelvic symphysis
the combined pubic and ischiatic symphyses, a cartilaginous symphysis.
pubic symphysis, symphysis pubis
the line of union of the bodies of the pubic bones in the median plane.
References in periodicals archive ?
The pubic symphysis is a secondary cartilaginous joint which under mechanical pressure and the influence of hormones progesterone and relaxin, relaxes by about 3-7 mm starting the first trimester of pregnancy.
Caption: Figure 1 The anterior pelvic plane tilt (APPt) is defined as the angle between the plane created by the bilateral anterior superior iliac spine to the pubic symphysis (A) and the coronal vertical plan (B).
Treatment of osteitis pubis and osteomyelitis of the pubic symphysis in athletes: a systematic review.
Physical examination revealed sharp local pain on palpation over the left medial inguinal ligament, pubic symphysis, conjoint tendon and rectus abdominis insertion.
Anteriorly, the injury may consist of disruption of the symphysis pubis or unilateral or bilateral fractures of the pubic rami.
The following Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) key words were employed: pubic symphysis diastasis [MeSH], pubic symphysis separation [MeSH],pregnancy [MeSH], labor [MeSH], and pubic symphysis dysfunction [MeSH].
Result: The mean medial-lateral distance from the ASIS to the pubic symphysis was 14.
I perform a similar hydrodissection under the urethra as I do in a retropubic procedure, though instead of injecting 5 cc's to the underside of the pubic symphysis on each side, I instead inject toward the obturator internus muscles.
An autogenous bone block graft was harvested from the mandibular symphysis, fixed with titanium miniscrews, covered first with both autogenous and xenograft particles, and second with a resorbable barrier membrane.
Symphysiotomy is a surgical procedure carried out on pregnant women in complicated deliveries where the cartilage of the pubic symphysis is divided, resulting in the widening of the pelvis to allow childbirth.
The pubic symphysis is the slightly moveable joint at the front of the pelvis.