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a febrile disease characterized by inflammation and redness of the skin and subcutaneous tissues, and due to Group A hemolytic streptococci; it is a form of cellulitis. The visible symptoms are round or oval patches on the skin that promptly enlarge and spread, becoming swollen, tender, and red. The affected skin is hot to the touch, and, occasionally, the adjacent skin blisters. Headache, vomiting, fever, and sometimes complete prostration can occur. Penicillin is the treatment of choice. Care must be taken to avoid spreading the disease to other areas of the body. Adj., adj erysipel´atous.
coast erysipelas a cutaneous manifestation of onchocerciasis seen in Central America, so called because of its resemblance to streptococcal erysipelas.
swine erysipelas a contagious and highly fatal disease of pigs, caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae.
a destructive disease of swine, occurring in both acute and chronic forms, caused by Erysipelothrix rhusiopathiae.
pertaining to or emanating from swine (pigs, hogs). See also porcine.
African swine fever
see african swine fever.
classical swine fever
see classical swine fever.
a contagious disease of young pigs caused by Brachyspirahyodysenteriae, characterized by severe porridge-like diarrhea, sometimes dysentery, dehydration and heavy morbidity and mortality rates.
see classical swine fever; African swine fever.
a highly contagious upper respiratory disease of pigs caused by swine influenza virus and a concurrent infection with Haemophilus influenzae. Clinical signs include fever, stiffness, recumbency, labored breathing, sneezing, paroxysmal cough and nasal and ocular discharge. Called also ferkelgrippe.
see paramyxovirus encephalomyelitis.
fibrinous pneumonia caused by Pasteurella multocida. May occur in outbreak form with a number of litters of young pigs being affected within a short time.
swine vesicular disease
is a highly infectious disease of pigs caused by an enterovirus related to human coxsackie B5 virus. It is clinically indistinguishable from foot-and-mouth disease in pigs. Vesicular lesions occur at the coronet, causing severe lameness, and in the mouth and on the snout.
vesicular exanthema of swine
see vesicular exanthema of swine.