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Etymology: Gk, cheirourgia + Fr, choc
a condition of shock that may occur during or after surgery, with signs of profound hypotension, decreased urine, increased heart rate, restlessness, and cyanosis of the extremities. Hemoglobin for blood volume may be low, or patient may be bleeding or have a severe infection.
Shock following operations and including traumatic shock.See: traumatic shock
See also: shock
emanating from or pertaining to surgery.
see acute abdomen.
an accompaniment to the surgical gown (below) which covers the head, and sometimes facial hair, of members of the surgical team; the object is to avoid contamination of the wound.
resulting from extensive tissue damage in major surgery.
carried out by gaining access to the uterus by surgical means including per vaginam and via laparotomy.
a group of instruments used in the performance of surgical operations. Nowadays there are subdivisions including ophthalmic, orthopedic, vascular, gut, thoracic and obstetric surgery.
a protective covering over the mouth and nostrils of members of a surgical team, usually held in place by tapes tied over or behind the head, intended to minimize wound contamination.
see standard surgical scissors.
shock occurring as a result of massive or traumatic surgery. To a large extent the term is a contradiction because one of the principal objectives of surgery is the avoidance of shock but there are occasions, e.g. in a major resection of the gut in a horse or a cesarean in a mare, when extensive handling of heavy viscera is unavoidable and shock must be considered as inevitable unless preventive therapy is provided.
sterile surgical pack
all of the instruments and other equipment such as drapes, gloves, etc. required for a particular operation, or part of an operation, specially arranged, wrapped and sterilized by autoclaving then stored for future use.
a group of rooms designed to provide all surgical services to patients. Includes surgery, preparation and anesthesia for the patient, sterile preparation of the surgeon, instrument and materials sterilization and storage, instrument cleaning, and recovery room.