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Relating to surgery.


/sur·gi·cal/ (ser´jĭ-k'l) of, pertaining to, or correctable by surgery.


1. Of, relating to, or characteristic of surgeons or surgery.
2. Used in surgery.
3. Resulting from or occurring after surgery.

sur′gi·cal·ly adv.


Etymology: Gk, cheirourgia
pertaining to the treatment of disease by manipulative and operative methods.

Pearl Index

Obstetrics A formula that allows comparison of the efficacy of contraceptive methods, calculated as the pregnancy rate in population divided by 100 yrs of exposure. See Breast feeding, Coitus interruptus, Condoms, Morning-after pill, Contraception, Natural family planning, Norplant, Rhythm method, RU 486.
Pearl index–pregnancies/100 years of use
Physiologic 15-30/100 years: Coitus interruptus, natural family planning (rhythm or safe period), eg calendar method, evaluation of cervical mucosa or temperature, breast feeding
Chemical 15-20/100 years: Contraceptive sponges
Barrier 2-20/100 years: Intrauterine devices, condoms
Hormonal 1-3/100 years
Surgical << 1/100 years: Ligation of fallopian tubes, vas deferens  


Relating to surgery.


1. Pertaining to surgery or surgeons.
2. Used in surgery.
3. Pertaining to diseases treated by surgical rather than by medical means.


emanating from or pertaining to surgery.

surgical abdomen
see acute abdomen.
surgical cap
an accompaniment to the surgical gown (below) which covers the head, and sometimes facial hair, of members of the surgical team; the object is to avoid contamination of the wound.
surgical fever
resulting from extensive tissue damage in major surgery.
surgical gut
see catgut.
surgical insemination
carried out by gaining access to the uterus by surgical means including per vaginam and via laparotomy.
surgical instruments
a group of instruments used in the performance of surgical operations. Nowadays there are subdivisions including ophthalmic, orthopedic, vascular, gut, thoracic and obstetric surgery.
surgical mask
a protective covering over the mouth and nostrils of members of a surgical team, usually held in place by tapes tied over or behind the head, intended to minimize wound contamination.
surgical needle
see needle.
surgical pins
see pinning.
surgical scissors
see standard surgical scissors.
surgical shock
shock occurring as a result of massive or traumatic surgery. To a large extent the term is a contradiction because one of the principal objectives of surgery is the avoidance of shock but there are occasions, e.g. in a major resection of the gut in a horse or a cesarean in a mare, when extensive handling of heavy viscera is unavoidable and shock must be considered as inevitable unless preventive therapy is provided.
sterile surgical pack
all of the instruments and other equipment such as drapes, gloves, etc. required for a particular operation, or part of an operation, specially arranged, wrapped and sterilized by autoclaving then stored for future use.
surgical suite
a group of rooms designed to provide all surgical services to patients. Includes surgery, preparation and anesthesia for the patient, sterile preparation of the surgeon, instrument and materials sterilization and storage, instrument cleaning, and recovery room.

Patient discussion about surgical

Q. What Are the Surgical Options for Treating Obesity? I would like to find out more about the surgery that is performed on obese people for weight reduction. What surgical options are available?

A. The main two surgical approaches for obesity treatment are gastric banding and gastric bypass. Band surgery is reversible, while bowel shortening operations (bypass) are not. Here is more information about being a candidte for surgery-

Q. I suffer from menieres disease. can someone tell me about the surgical treatment I can have for it? I suffer from menieres disease for the last decade or so. I have taken off my diet almost all the salt, I stopped with coffee and alcohol and I stopped smoking at all. Still i have attacks of the disease each month and the vertigo is just getting worse. I know that there is a surgical treatment but is it any good? I never met someone who did this surgery. can someone that did this surgery tell me a little about it?

A. I went the surgery 5 years ago. Before it I had menieres disease for almost two decades. I felt crippled from this horrible situation. after the surgery I lost my hearing in the ear but the vertigo is gone.
Its a hard decision but if you are not sure about this surgery you can always do it later, so don't rush into it before you are completely ready to take the risks.

Q. what are the risks of surgical removal of the cyst in acase of 5 years old girl with Thyroglossal Duct Cyst?

A. every surgery procedure has some risks, but while doing a Sistrunk (that procedure) the Doctor weigh the pro's and con's.
the possible complications for that procedure are:
* Excessive bleeding.
* Surgical-wound infection.
* Inadvertent injury to larynx (rare).

which are not so harsh... all of them manageable (if they actually do happen- not very common), and the operating Dr. took them in consideration.
i know it's scary buy don't worry :)

More discussions about surgical
References in periodicals archive ?
Slater Endoscopy was the first company to develop a truly innovative surgical scissors that substantially changes the basic way common scissors work, and is proud to once again be leading the growth of minimally invasive surgery as Slater's former company Symbiosis did in the 1990's.
The court was convinced that it was apparent from the record that genuine issues of material fact existed as to whether the surgeon handled the surgical scissors negligently.
But not as much as surgical scissors through the base of the skull.
He teased notes out of offertory boxes using surgical scissors, raided charity boxes and rifled church safes.
Skin tags are often found around the neck and under the arms in older people and the best way of removing them is simply to cut them off with a pair of surgical scissors or a scalpel blade.
described it as a ``horrendous act of murder'' in which a fetus is partially removed feet first from the birth canal by a doctor who then inserts surgical scissors into the base of the skull and sucks the brains out to permit easier extraction from the womb.
The head is covered with three layers, and in thirty minutes, surgical scissors are used to cut along the side of the neck and head to remove the head form.
The initial sales were for surgical scissors and forcepts.
Sources of fiber optic lighting and accessories Dental, dental Tones, dental tweezers, dental scissors, Surgical scissors
Moments earlier, the Polish pig worker had launched an unprovoked attack using a pair of surgical scissors.
BLUNDERING doctors left a seven-inch pair of surgical scissors inside a woman's body after a routine operation.
Christopher Coulthard, 40, jailed for four years at Swansea Crown Court yesterday, armed himself with lock picks and surgical scissors in an empty camera case to disguise himself as a tourist and burgle churches and chapels at the rate of 50 a month.