surgical abdomen


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Related to surgical abdomen: acute abdomen series

abdomen

 [ab´dah-men, ab-do´men]
the anterior portion of the body between the thorax and the pelvis; it contains the abdominal cavity, which is separated from the chest area by the diaphragm. The cavity, which is lined with a membrane known as the peritoneum, contains the stomach, large and small intestines, liver, spleen, pancreas, kidneys, gallbladder, urinary bladder, and other structures. Called also belly and venter. adj., adj abdom´inal.
Internal structures of the abdomen.
acute abdomen (surgical abdomen) an acute intra-abdominal condition of abrupt onset, usually associated with severe pain due to inflammation, perforation, obstruction, infarction, or rupture of abdominal organs, and usually requiring emergency surgical intervention.

a·cute ab·do·men

any serious acute intraabdominal condition (for example, appendicitis) attended by pain, tenderness, and muscular rigidity and for which emergency surgery must be considered.
Synonym(s): surgical abdomen

surgical abdomen

surgical abdomen

An acute abdomen that requires surgical intervention, as in with acute appendicitis, acute cholecystitis, acute diverticulitis with bowel obstruction, cancer, or acute vascular disease (e.g., infarction, abdominal aortic aneurysm). While acute abdomen and surgical abdomen are sometimes considered as synonymous, not all acute abdomens are appropriately treated by surgery.

DiffDx, acute medical abdomen
Acute intermittent porphyria, addisonian crisis, black widow spider bites, herpes zoster, lead poisoning, acute MI, pneumonia, PTE, sickle cell crisis, uraemia, etc.

surgical abdomen

Acute abdomen–AA that requires surgical intervention–eg, acute appendicitis, acute cholecystitis, acute diverticulitis with bowel obstruction, CA, acute vascular disease–eg, infarction, abdominal aneurysm. See Acute abdomen. Cf NASA.

a·cute ab·do·men

(ă-kyūt' ab'dŏ-mĕn)
Any serious sudden intraabdominal condition (such as appendicitis) attended by pain, tenderness, and muscular rigidity, and for which emergency surgery must be considered.
Synonym(s): surgical abdomen.

abdomen

the portion of the body between the thorax and the pelvis containing the abdominal cavity. See also abdominal.

acute abdomen
an acute intra-abdominal condition of abrupt onset, usually associated with pain due to inflammation, perforation, obstruction, infarction or rupture of abdominal organs, and usually requiring emergency intervention. Called also surgical abdomen.
gaunt abdomen
decreased abdominal size.
surgical abdomen
see acute abdomen (above).

surgical

emanating from or pertaining to surgery.

surgical abdomen
see acute abdomen.
surgical cap
an accompaniment to the surgical gown (below) which covers the head, and sometimes facial hair, of members of the surgical team; the object is to avoid contamination of the wound.
surgical fever
resulting from extensive tissue damage in major surgery.
surgical gut
see catgut.
surgical insemination
carried out by gaining access to the uterus by surgical means including per vaginam and via laparotomy.
surgical instruments
a group of instruments used in the performance of surgical operations. Nowadays there are subdivisions including ophthalmic, orthopedic, vascular, gut, thoracic and obstetric surgery.
surgical mask
a protective covering over the mouth and nostrils of members of a surgical team, usually held in place by tapes tied over or behind the head, intended to minimize wound contamination.
surgical needle
see needle.
surgical pins
see pinning.
surgical scissors
see standard surgical scissors.
surgical shock
shock occurring as a result of massive or traumatic surgery. To a large extent the term is a contradiction because one of the principal objectives of surgery is the avoidance of shock but there are occasions, e.g. in a major resection of the gut in a horse or a cesarean in a mare, when extensive handling of heavy viscera is unavoidable and shock must be considered as inevitable unless preventive therapy is provided.
sterile surgical pack
all of the instruments and other equipment such as drapes, gloves, etc. required for a particular operation, or part of an operation, specially arranged, wrapped and sterilized by autoclaving then stored for future use.
surgical suite
a group of rooms designed to provide all surgical services to patients. Includes surgery, preparation and anesthesia for the patient, sterile preparation of the surgeon, instrument and materials sterilization and storage, instrument cleaning, and recovery room.

Patient discussion about surgical abdomen

Q. Uncomfortable in my left-lower abdomen. But it is not acute or dull pain at all. I'm starting to feel uncomfortable in my lower-left abdomen. I roughly guess it started summer in 2008. Certainly, it's not acute or even dull pain at all. But it makes me very uncomfortable when I sit on the chair. I can feel it by sitting on the chair. Such uncomfortableness seems to reside in somewhere between my left leg and abdomen. It is under my navel, and to the left, extending to the my left flank. Once again, I can sense it by touching something developing (With my fingers, I gently pressed that area and, I realized that there's a difference between pressing on the lower-left abdomen and the lower-right abdomen.) But it is not something swollen, and not a hard thing. I've never had the caecum removed. I'm 40 years old, East asian. I quitted smoking in early 90's. In Octocber, 2008 I found my blood pressure pretty good (I can't remember it, though). My life is quite sedentary (I'm a graduate student.) I guess I spend most of my daily time on the chair. Thanks for any opinion in advance.

A. hi '''i do have the same thing all what i do is keep it higher than my hart and after a lettel time it well come back to normal and i advice you to go see a d'r when you have the rhit time for it.......and happy holly day and happy 2009..lolo21

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References in periodicals archive ?
Clinical symptoms of a surgical abdomen with adnexal mass and intrauterine pregnancy.
They had no diarrhea and no evidence of an acute surgical abdomen (J.