The test is considered positive if the patient accuses pain between 70 and 120[degrees], the Hawkins test--is considered positive if the patient accuses pain caused by the conflict between the tendon of the supraspinous
muscle and the coracoid acromial ligament, and it consists of placing the side examiner on the patient, of shoulder blade immobilization, of positioning the arm under investigation in abduction, flexion at 90[degrees] and internal rotation, and then of the performance of the horizontal flexion simultaneously with rotation emphasis, the Jobe test--is performed with the patient's arm positioned at 90[degrees] abduction in scapular plan, internal rotation (the thumb is oriented towards the floor).
Cervical spine motion segment is divided into 4 columns: vertebral body, including ALL, annulus and PLL; right facet joint and capsule; left facet joint and capsule; and lamina including the Spinous processes, pedicles, interspinous and supraspinous
It originates from in the medial two-thirds of the supraspinous
fossa of the scapula.
ligament is incised over the affected disc space.
When the laminectomy was performed, however, removal of the posterior elements, including the vertebral arches, supraspinous
ligament and interspinal ligament, reduced the stability of the lumbar spine.
In the midline technique, the needle is inserted below the lower edge of the spinous process of the selected upper vertebrae and passes through the skin, subcutaneous tissue, supraspinous
ligament, interspinous ligament, ligamentum flavum as well as the epidural space until it reaches dura arachnoids and pierces it.
Almost every patient (97%) demonstrated a disruption of the posterior column ligament complex, mainly the supraspinous
and interspinous ligaments.
Four major ligaments of the spine are the anterior longitudinal ligament, the posterior longitudinal ligament, the supraspinous
ligament, and the capsular ligaments of the apophyseal/facet joints.
Application of the laser beam was designed to include L3 to S1 supraspinous
ligaments and sacroiliac joints bilaterally.
Localization of substance P and neurofilament immunoreactIve fibers in the lumbar facet joint capsule and supraspinous
ligament of the rabbit.
I have no idea what happened, but he suffered a major trauma to his supraspinous
ligament while at livery away from home.
Ossification of the supraspinous
and interspinous ligaments produces a characteristic single or double radio-dense sign on the AP view of the spine (Fig.