Effect of khat chewing on 14 selected periodontal bacteria in sub- and supragingival
plaque of a young male population.
In cases of minor surgical intervention (tooth extraction, supragingival
periodontal treatment) and major surgical intervention (surgical tooth extraction with complication, subgingival periodontal treatment) the desired foctor levels should be approximately >50 IU/dL and >80 IU/dL, respectively (4).
Mechanical cleaning is recognised to be potentially useful in controlling supragingival
plaque, but the expectation that each individual will maintain a good standard seems to be beyond most people's capabilities.
sobrinus) and lactobacillus, are contained within the predominantly Gram-positive biofilm on supragingival
surfaces * Caries develop if the critical balance between demineralisation and remineralisation of enamel and dentin is not congruous
irregularities such as crowns, tartar, crooked teeth, incorrect or incomplete fillings causes an accumulation of bacteria and protects from the salivary enzymes and oral hygiene measures.
2- Sampling: After removal of supragingival
plaque by means of sterile cotton balls, subgingival plaque was collected on Gracey curette inserted to the depth of the periodontal.
Plaque as a biofilm: pharmacological principles of drug delivery and action in the sub- and supragingival
When optimum oral hygiene had been obtained, supragingival
scaling and polishing, followed by quadrant root planing were commenced under a local anesthetic.
Topical administration of antibacterial agents in the form of mouth washes, dentifrice or gels can be used effectively in controlling supragingival
This analysis confirms that twice daily dosing with the company's mouthrinse over a 28 day period did not result in detectable adverse shifts in supragingival
microflora, further indicating that the product is safe for daily use.
When the American Dental Association later approved Warner-Lambert's mouthwash, Listerine, by stating that "Listerine Antiseptic has been shown to help prevent and reduce supragingival
plaque accumulation and gingivitis.
If we could prevent supragingival
[above-the-gum] bacteria from sticking, we might avoid all these diseases," he says.