superficial fascia


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fascia

 [fash´e-ah] (pl. fas´ciae) (L.)
a sheet or band of fibrous tissue such as lies deep to the skin or invests muscles and various body organs. adj., adj fas´cial.
Organization and connective tissue components of skeletal muscle. From Applegate, 2000.
aponeurotic fascia a dense, firm, fibrous membrane investing the trunk and limbs and giving off sheaths to the various muscles.
fascia cribro´sa the superficial fascia of the thigh covering the saphenous opening (fossa ovalis femoris).
crural fascia the investing fascia of the lower limb.
deep fascia aponeurotic fascia.
endothoracic fascia that beneath the serous lining of the thoracic cavity.
fascia la´ta the external investing fascia of the thigh.
Scarpa's fascia the deep, membranous layer of the subcutaneous abdominal fascia.
superficial fascia
1. a fascial sheet lying directly beneath the skin.
thyrolaryngeal fascia the fascia covering the thyroid gland and attached to the cricoid cartilage.
transverse fascia that between the transversalis muscle and the peritoneum.

sub·cu·ta·ne·ous tis·sue

[TA]
an irregular layer of adipose and connective tissue, stroma, or membrane immediately deep to the skin and superficial to the deep fascia, usually consisting primarily of either just loose connective tissue [TA] (textus connectivus laxus [TA]), or a fatty layer [TA] (panniculus adiposus [TA]) that may also include a muscle layer [TA] (stratum musculosum [TA]), and/or a fibrous layer [TA] (stratum fibrosum [TA]}; it may occur as a membranous layer [TA] (stratum membranosum [TA]) only, being nearly devoid of fat (as in the auricles, eyelids, scrotum, and penis); it is penetrated by, and gains support from, skin ligaments [TA] (retinacula cutis [TA]) extending between the dermis and the deep fascia; cutaneous nerves and superficial vessels course within the subcutaneous tissue, with only their terminal branches passing to the skin; of the body's coverings, this layer varies most between sexes and in different nutritional states. Terminologia Anatomica [TA] has recommended that the terms "superficial fascia" and "deep fascia" not be used generically in an unqualified way because of variation in their meanings internationally. The recommended terms are "subcutaneous tissue [TA] (tela subcutanea)" for the former superficial fascia, and "muscular fascia" or ("visceral fasci viscera[is]") in place of deep fascia.

su·per·fi·cial fas·ci·a

(sū'pĕr-fish'ăl fash'ē-ă)
A loose, fibrous envelope beneath the skin, containing fat in its meshes (panniculus adiposus) or fasciculi of muscular tissue (panniculus carnosus); it contains the cutaneous vessels and nerves and is in relation by its undersurface with the deep fascia.
Synonym(s): hypodermis, tela subcutanea.

superficial

nearer body surface (compared with a specific reference point)

superficial fascia (sōōˈ·per·fiˑ·shl fāˑ·shē·),

n loose connective tissue that is located under the skin which contains fat.

fascia

pl. fasciae [L.] a sheet or band of fibrous tissue such as lies deep to the skin or invests muscles and various body organs.

fascia adherens
one of the methods of attachment of actin filaments to the sarcolemma in cardiac muscle; a continuous zone of attachment.
aponeurotic fascia
a dense, firm, fibrous membrane investing the trunk and limbs and giving off sheaths to the various muscles. Called also deep fascia.
fascia cribrosa
the superficial fascia of the thigh covering the saphenous opening.
croup and thigh fascia
extensive sheets between muscle masses giving appearance of distinct molding of muscles, especially when horses in hard training; gives extensive attachments to muscle fascicles and serves as an energy store.
crural fascia
the investing fascia of the leg.
deep fascia
aponeurotic fascia.
endothoracic fascia
that beneath the serous lining of the thoracic cavity.
extrapleural fascia
a prolongation of the endothoracic fascia sometimes found at the root of the neck, important as possibly modifying the auscultatory sounds at the apex of the lung.
iliac fascia
covers the iliopsoas muscle below the wing of the ilium.
fascia lata
the external investing fascia of the thigh. An implant of this fascia is used in operation to correct penile deviation in the bull and for reconstruction of a ruptured anterior (cranial) cruciate ligament in dogs.
leg fascia
a colloquial, non-anatomic term for the extensive fascia, especially in horses, which converts the upper limb into a series of osteofascial compartments. Consists of a superficial layer continuous with the thigh fascia, a middle layer formed by extensive aponeuroses, e.g. tensor facia lata, biceps, semitendinosus, gracilis, sartorius muscles, and a deep layer between muscles and attaching them to the tibia.
orbital fascia
three layers connecting muscles to bone, the eyeball and eyelids.
spermatic fascia
dense fascia surrounding the spermatic cord and testes; internal to the tunica dartos; in layers corresponding to the layers of abdominal muscle; an internal layer adherent to the tunica vaginalis and an external layer adherent to the skin.
superficial fascia
1. a fascial sheet lying directly beneath the skin.
2. subcutaneous tissue.
thyrolaryngeal fascia
the fascia covering the thyroid gland and attached to the cricoid cartilage.
transverse fascia
that between the transversalis muscle and the peritoneum.
References in periodicals archive ?
The superficial fascia and Buck fascia were sutured to strengthen the fixation of the stretched and straightened penile shaft.
A superficial dissection was done in the superficial fascia of the lower limb to dissect the GSV from its beginning in front of medial malleolus at ankle to its termination into the femoral vein in the upper thigh region at the saphenous opening.
The adjacent paraspinal muscles and overlying superficial fascia are histologically normal without interstitial scarring or hemosiderin deposits.
In the present case the origin was in the arm and from the brachial artery and it was also in the superficial fascia.
A margin of normal parotid parenchyma around the tumor can be obtained except where the tumor abuts the facial nerve or superficial fascia, a nearly universal finding in parotid surgery for pleomorphic ademona.
1,2) Fournier's gangrene is a specific form of necrotizing fasciitis, a general term introduced in 1951, by Wilson, to describe infection of the soft tissue, which involves the deep and superficial fascia, regardless of the location.
Skin was separated from the superficial fascia and the important subcutaneous structures were identified.
After reflection of the skin and superficial fascia on the back of the forearm and hand, the extensor retinaculum was divided longitudinally to fully expose the tendons.
Later cases with widespread superficial fascia necrosis with undermining of surrounding soft tissue were reported.

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