sundown syndrome


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sundowning

 [sun´doun-ing]
the appearance of confusion, agitation, and other severely disruptive behavior coupled with inability to remain asleep, occurring solely or markedly worsening at night; sometimes seen in older patients with dementia or other mental disorders.
A term for disorientation, agitation, or general worsening of mental symptoms classically described in the elderly at dusk or nightfall
Aetiology Sedatives, analgesics, hypnotics
Risk factors Dementia, organic brain syndrome, vision or hearing defects, dehydration, fatigue
Management Increase hydration, ensure adequate rest, reduce stress—i.e., do not test their memory, agree with them whenever possible

sundown syndrome

Sundowning Psychiatry A term for disorientation , agitation, or general worsening of mental Sx affecting some elderly persons at dusk or nightfall Clinical Picking at bed clothing, banging on bedrails, shouting Etiology Sedatives, analgesics, hypnotics Risk factors Dementia, organic brain syndrome, vision or hearing defects, dehydration, fatigue
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References in periodicals archive ?
Some researchers believe there may be no circadian rhythmicity to sundown syndrome.
1 Upon reviewing table 1, it will be apparent to the reader that the relationship between degree of cognitive impairment and prevalence of sundowning is not linear for this group of patients, but rather that there appears to be an optimal range within which a patient may be susceptible to Sundown Syndrome, i.
Currently, tranquilizers and hypnotics are used to quiet the agitation and restlessness of sundown syndrome.