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1. Anything that takes the place of another.
2. In psychology, a surrogate.


1. Anything that takes the place of another.
2. In psychology, a surrogate.


Anything that takes the place of another.

Patient discussion about substitute

Q. Do people substitute one addiction with another? If someone used to be addicted to alcohol and drugs, but is now clean for several months, is it likely that he will develop an addiction to something else (for example cigarettes or gambling)?

A. I'd just like to add my 2 cents worth: Addictive behavior transfers to just about anything; addiction is the problem. Just as addicts have to learn that alcohol is also a drug, we must recognize that addiction is the problem; it is the behavior that is the problem. A common thing for addicts to do is to stop using drugs (including alcohol) and to substitute with people instead, for example, to become involved in codependent relationships with others, or to recognize that their ongoing relationships may also be codependent. It's not uncommon for individuals to go to CoDA (Codependents Anonymous) in addition to AA/NA or GA(Gambler's Anonymous), MA (Marijuana Anonymous)...Others find it more beneficial to use one program (like NA, e.g.), while realizing that addiction refers to more than just a drug or substance.

Q. Any suggestions for coping with asthma in 5 year old? My daughter has asthma. It comes on when she has a cold or an ear or throat infection. I had to give her a liquid steroid last night as she had asthma really badly, the trouble is the steroid makes her so hyper-active, jumping off lounges and running around etc. It drives me crazy because she really needs to rest. I have seen specialists and this is what they all prescribe. What sort of medications do you give your asthmatic child? Are there any new developments I'm not aware of? I would really like some natural remedies if there is any, or diet tips.

A. hi whiteh,i am a retired respiratory therapist,depending on how bad your child is with her attacks will determine what types of meds work for her steroids are given for bad asthma an it might be the only thing that works good for her,her dr knows best.if your child has a regular dr. get a pulmonary specialist for her.----also steroids should NOT BE STOPPED right AWAY if your child has been on high doses this can cause her to have a bad attack.---mrfoot56

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References in periodicals archive ?
In Denver in the 1990s, for example, substitutes were required to have a teaching credential--and today all of Colorado requires it.
The market for sugar substitutes is projected to reach USD 16.
One patient died before engineered skin substitutes were prepared, leaving 15 patients in whom 2,056 engineered skin substitute grafts were applied in 59 operations.
United States Tissue Engineered - Skin Substitutes Market Outlook to 2020
Another substitute teacher advises, "Leave lots of work for the class.
Because both the substitute transportation and the substitute lodging would qualify, the court concluded that motor homes used by renters mostly for periods of less than 30 days are Sec.
So the availability of substitute service offerings is relatively high, though it has been argued that there are few alternatives for the morbidly obese patient.
Unfortunately, he adds, most local teachers' unions leave substitutes to fend for themselves.
This representation reverses the normative placed on substitutes (i.
ASTM International has released Bone Graft Substitutes, a book that presents the clinical and scientific aspects of bone grafting and covers the practical issues of bringing promising new bone-graft substitutes to the marketplace in a way that ensures their safety and efficacy.
If only there were substitutes that could fill some of blood's roles in the body, artificial substances that would be free of the supply constraints and contamination vulnerabilities of the real stuff.
The effects of timber harvest restrictions in federal and state forests on softwood lumber price, price stability, and product quality, combined with technological advances by producers of substitute materials, have contributed to the increased use of material substitutes in residential construction.