substance dependence


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Related to substance dependence: substance dependence disorder

dependence

 [de-pen´dens]
a need for something; sometimes used as a synonym for drug dependence.
chemical dependence (drug dependence) see drug dependence.
emotional dependence psychological dependence.
physical dependence (physiological dependence) drug dependence in which the drug is used to prevent withdrawal symptoms or in which it is associated with tolerance, or both.
psychoactive substance dependence drug dependence.
psychological dependence drug dependence in which the drug is used to obtain relief from tension or emotional discomfort; called also emotional dependence.
substance dependence drug dependence.

sub·stance de·pen·dence

a pattern of behavioral, physiologic, and cognitive symptoms that develop due to substance use or abuse; usually indicated by tolerance to the effects of the substance and withdrawal symptoms that develop when use of the substance is terminated.

substance dependence

a maladaptive pattern of substance abuse leading to clinically significant impairment or distress as manifested by three or more episodes within a 12-month period of tolerance, withdrawal, or use of larger amounts or, over a longer period, a persistent desire or unsuccessful effort to control substance abuse or investment of a great deal of time in activities necessary to obtain the substance.

substance dependence

Psychiatry A maladaptive pattern of substance abuse, leading to clinically significant impairment or distress; DSD is formally defined by the DSM-IV as the presence of 3 or more clinical criteria. See Substance abuse.
Substance dependence–3+ of following
1.  Tolerance, either
 a. A need for ↑ amounts, or
 b. ↓ Effect with continued use of same amount of substance
2  Withdrawal symptoms
3.  The substance is taken in larger amounts than intended
4.  A persistent but unsuccessful desire to ↓ substance intake
5.  Much time is spent in activities needed to obtaining the substance or recovering from its effects
6.  Important occupational, social, or recreational activities are sacrificed because of substance use
7.  Continued substance use despite user's knowledge of its adverse physical and/or psychological effects
Modified from *Diagnostic & Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th ed, Wash, DC, Am Psychiatric Assn, 1994

sub·stance de·pen·dence

(sŭb'stăns dĕ-pen'dĕns)
A pattern of behavioral, physiologic, and cognitive symptoms due to substance use or abuse; usually indicated by tolerance to the effects of the substance and withdrawal symptoms when use of the substance is terminated.

sub·stance de·pen·dence

(sŭb'stăns dĕ-pen'dĕns)
Pattern of behavioral, physiologic, and cognitive symptoms that develop due to substance use or abuse.
References in periodicals archive ?
The disability-related variables were included to determine whether the extent of visual impairment or age at onset of or adjustment to visual impairment were related to substance dependence.
The study population comprised healthcare workers and allied health professionals providing treatment services for substance dependence in an individual capacity or who were employed by an institution in the Free State Province.
If criteria for both substance abuse and substance dependence are met, the diagnosis of substance dependence should be given.
More fundamentally, classifying substance dependence as a "mental disorder" to be treated by medical doctors suggests that drug abuse is a disease, something that happens to people rather than something that people do.
The Duchess will spend the day hearing experiences of women recovering from substance dependence.
Substance dependence and co-occurring psychiatric disorders; best practices for diagnosis and clinical treatment.
Not only do I believe that I have never encountered an HFA who did not meet criteria for either abuse or dependence, but it seems to me that many HFAs meet diagnostic criteria for substance dependence but do not meet the three criteria the author cited from the Big Book.
Treatments: Medical Treatments for Alcohol, Substance Dependence
Strikingly, providers identified none of the 36 teens who were later diagnosed with substance dependence based on the diagnostic interview.
This section states that a person is not eligible for income support if his or her only substantial impairment is alcohol or other substance dependence or addiction.
Leshner's traveling PowerPoint show epitomized NIDA's reductionist approach to drug abuse: Take a brain, add a chemical, and voila, you've got substance dependence.
Health plan data shows that typically more than 90% of these members do not receive care for substance dependence through their health insurance.
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