Testis was delivered by a separate scrotal incision and tunica vaginalis flap was harvested which was in turn transferred through a subcutaneous tunnel
to fistula site:
The occluded end of the catheter was taken through the subcutaneous tunnel
, excess length was trimmed, and the catheter was attached to the barbed outlet pin on the VAP and secured.
One end of the 3-0 suture is passed through the subcutaneous tunnel
to the lateral aspect of the oral commissure.
Palmer, Maybee, Henry, and Eden (1963) first introduced the silicone rubber, intraperitoneal catheter with the end coiled and numerous perforations extending from the tip, as well as a subcutaneous tunnel to decrease the risk of periluminal infections.
The problem is that the infection may extend into the subcutaneous tunnel (Vychytil, Lorenz, Schnieder, Harl, & Haag-Webster, 1998) and lead to catheter-related peritonitis (Li et al.
A subcutaneous tunnel
was constructed from the middle part of lower eyelid to upper fornix of lip.
The catheter removal procedure, carried out using sterile technique, involves the instillation of local anesthetic followed by location of the catheter cuff in the subcutaneous tunnel
A curved subcutaneous tunnel
running in front of the superior third of the sternum was made for graft implantation (Fig.
All tunneled catheters have a small cuff that sits in a subcutaneous tunnel
Flap was brought to recipient site and inset given, and the pedicle was passed through the gap in the nasal lining, and the right alveolar cleft, subcutaneous tunnel
was created in the cheek and pedicle was brought close to facial vessels.
In order to place the graft, a subcutaneous tunnel
was created above the upper lip, into which a 4.
The various modifications of the flap included reverse sural island flap with a subcutaneous tunnel
or externally placed pedicle, sural peninsular flap, sural fasciocutaneous flap, extended sural fascio musculocutaneous flap and delayed sural flap depending on the size and location of the defect.