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the application of strips of adhesive tape, one overlapping the other, to cover and exert pressure on a limb or other area of the body; see illustration.
the application of overlapping strips of adhesive tape to an extremity or body area to exert pressure and hold a structure in place, performed in the treatment of strains, sprains, dislocations, and certain fractures.
strappingThe use of adhesive tape or firm bandages to maintain the desired relationship of parts of the body or to rest an injured or inflamed part.
strappingvarying widths of woven/non-woven tape spread with adhesive, used to retain clinical padding/wound dressing, to create a soft splint (see soft splint), or to protect vulnerable areas of skin; several layers of strapping are used to form a lesion mask (see mask (2)) (Table 1)
|Church door||Three lengths of strapping applied around the periphery of a pad, as a triangle|
|Goal post||Four lengths of strapping applied around the periphery of a pad, as a rectangle|
|Shiplap||Several lengths of strapping that are applied transversely across the pad from proximal to distal so that each subsequent strap overlaps the previous by one-third|
|Fan||Several lengths of strapping that are applied longitudinally across a joint (to form a soft splint), so that one end of each subsequent strap overlies the previous strap but the other end lies adjacent to the previous strap, so that the whole assemblage resembles a fan|
|Top strap||The distal transverse bar of goal post strapping, whose distal margin is shaped to reflect the line of the plantar webbing, allowing maximum plantar adhesion but minimal restriction of the toes|
|Flask||A strap cut to the shape of a bottle or flask, so that the 'neck' is applied to the pad, and the 'belly' to the skin|
|Banana||A strap cut into the shape of a banana|
|Bow/false plantar fascia||Lengths of strapping applied longitudinally along the sole of the foot from the heel to the plantar web line Figure 1|
|Mask||Several layers of strapping laid one on another with a central hole cut to match the size of a lesion Figure 2|
|Stirrup||Lengths of strapping applied to the ankle/subtalar joint area, applied from the medial to lateral malleolus (for a medial ankle sprain) or from the lateral to medial malleolus (for a lateral ankle sprain)|
|Metatarsal||Strapping applied transversely across the plantar and dorsal surfaces of the forefoot to restrict metatarsal movement|
Note: To aid retention, strapping should always be cut to create a smooth outline (e.g. corners are rounded) and applied firmly allowing for digital movement - unless the intention is to provide a soft splint to rest the part.