stigma


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stigma

 [stig´mah]
1. any mental or physical mark or peculiarity which aids in the identification or in the diagnosis of a condition.
2. a mark, spot, or pore on the surface of an organ or organism.
4. in botany, the uppermost part of a pistil, which secretes a moist, sticky substance to trap and hold the pollen that reaches it.
5. an eyespot of chromatophore-bearing protozoa, such as certain euglenoids, comprising a dark pigmented mass that functions in light detection by shielding the photoreceptor cells from specific wavelengths.
6. a distinguishing personal trait that is perceived as or actually is physically, socially, or psychologically disadvantageous.
7. in the plural, gill slits around the pharynx in urochordates, through which pass respiratory and feeding currents.
8. in the plural, purpuric or hemorrhagic lesions of the hands and/or feet, which resemble crucifixion wounds. adj., adj stigmat´ic, stig´mal.
follicular stigma a spot on the surface of an ovary where the vesicular ovarian follicle will rupture and permit passage of the ovum during ovulation. Called also macula folliculi.

stig·ma

, pl.

stig·mas

,

stig·ma·ta

(stig'mă, -mă-tă), Avoid the mispronunciation stigma'ta of the plural form.
1. Visible evidence of a disease.
2. Synonym(s): follicular stigma
3. Any spot or blemish on the skin.
4. A bleeding spot on the skin, which is considered a manifestation of conversion hysteria.
5. The orange-pigmented eyespot of certain chlorophyll-bearing protozoa (for example, Euglena viridis); filters light by absorbing certain wavelengths.
6. A mark of shame or discredit.
[G. a mark. fr. stizō, to prick]

stigma

/stig·ma/ (stig´mah) pl. stigmas, stig´mata   [Gr.]
1. any mental or physical mark or peculiarity that aids in identification or diagnosis of a condition.
2. a mark, spot, or pore on the surface of an organ or organism.
4. a distinguishing personal trait that is perceived as or actually is physically, socially, or psychologically disadvantageous.
5. in the plural, purpuric or hemorrhagic lesions of the hands and/or feet, resembling crucifixion wounds.stig´malstigmat´ic

follicular stigma  a spot on the surface of an ovary where the vesicular follicle will rupture and permit passage of the secondary oocyte during ovulation.
malpighian stigmas  the points where the smaller veins enter into the larger veins of the spleen.

stigma

(stĭg′mə)
n. pl. stigmas or stigmata (stĭg-mä′tə, -măt′ə, stĭg′mə-)
1. An association of disgrace or public disapproval with something, such as an action or condition: "Depression ... has become easier to diagnose, and seeking treatment does not carry the stigma it once did" (Greg Critser).
2. Medicine
a. A visible indicator of disease.
b. A small bodily mark, especially a birthmark or scar, that is congenital or indicative of a condition or disease.
3. Psychology A bleeding spot on the skin considered to be a manifestation of conversion reaction.
4. stigmata Christianity Bodily marks, sores, or sensations of pain corresponding in location to the crucifixion wounds of Jesus, believed to be given as divine recognition of devotion.
5. Botany The apex of the pistil of a flower, on which pollen grains are deposited and germinate.
6. Biology A small mark, spot, or pore, such as the respiratory spiracle of an insect or an eyespot in certain protists.
7. Archaic A mark burned into the skin as a visible identifier of a person as a criminal or slave; a brand.

stig′mal adj.

stigma

[stig′mə] pl. stigmas, stigmata
Etymology: Gk, brand
1 a moral or physical blemish.
2 a mental or physical characteristic that serves to identify a disease or a condition.

stigma

 A sign, mark, feature, indicator of something, which generally has a negative connotation

stig·ma

, pl. stigmata (stig'mă, -mă-tă)
1. Visible evidence of a disease.
2. Synonym(s): follicular stigma.
3. Any spot or blemish on the skin.
4. A bleeding spot on the skin, which is considered a manifestation of conversion hysteria.
5. The orange-pigmented eyespot of certain chlorophyll-bearing protozoa, such as Euglena viridis, which serves as a light filter by absorbing certain wavelengths.
6. A mark of shame or discredit.
[G. a mark. fr. stizō, to prick]

stigma

the upper part of the pistil of a flower on which pollen is deposited. The stigmatic surface secretes a sugary solution which aids germination of the pollen grain, unless a SELF-INCOMPATIBILITY mechanism is operating.

stig·ma

, pl. stigmata (stig'mă, -mă-tă)
1. Visible evidence of a disease.
2. Any spot or blemish on skin.
[G. a mark. fr. stizō, to prick]

stigma

pl. stigmas, stigmata [Gr.] any physical mark or peculiarity that aids in identification or diagnosis of a condition.

follicular stigma
a 2 mm wide band around the meridian of all follicles greater than 4 mm diameter in the left ovary of the domestic fowl.

Patient discussion about stigma

Q. Should I tell people about it? After a long time of visits to numerous doctors, psychiatrists, speech therapist and others, we were told that our child has autism. We are in a dilemma- should we tell others about it? Will it be better for him or will it put a stigma on him and on his borhters? Don’t get me wrong- we love him more than anything no matter what he has, but we are just not sure how people would react to this news. What would you do?

A. I believe you should do what feels right to you- if at first you would rather tell just your close family members or friends, that is perfectly fine. With time, when your son is older or when you feel more comfortable with the idea of his autism, you can decide to tell everyone else. I don't think nowadays there's any stigma about autistic children, and people understand their needs better than in the past. However, you must be prepared to handle all sorts of people, some of whom may express false opinions about autism.

More discussions about stigma
References in periodicals archive ?
Although the results of our study provide new and important implications for those attempting to understand the relationship between stigma dimensions and help-seeking intentions, several limitations may be identified for the study.
As stigma has an enormous impact on treatment and recovery for alcoholics, it is important to determine the level of internalized stigma and to identify the relevant factors among alcoholics.
There is a tendency for obtaining larger fruits from flowers self-pollinated after stigma excision and two self-pollinations.
The family members' levels of expressed emotion could also influence their perception and response to stigma and discrimination.
The article also points out that increased awareness of the impact of stigma is leading to a re-look at health stigmas and the pressing need for more research.
The notion that mental illness stigma may be associated with the labels applied to these disorders is evident in decisions over the previous decades to alter some diagnostic terms.
Some champions have focused on specific areas where they know stigma is having a devastating impact on people's lives, such as working to reduce male suicide, or supporting people with posttraumatic stress disorder.
By using a longitudinal methodology, which gathers data from the same people over time, the researchers conclude that stigma is likely to be a cause of depression.
In a concerted effort to combat the stigma surrounding mental illness, the psychological community has recently launched a variety of international stigma-reduction campaigns.
Stigma is a term frequently used nowadays, but it is still difficult to conceptualize and measure it (13).
9) This preliminary study focuses on the development and validation of the STBBI (sexually transmitted and blood-borne infections) Stigma Scale, which was adapted from the previously validated Health Care Provider HIV/AIDS Stigma Scale (HPASS).
When governments meet for the 70th World Health Assembly (WHA) later this month to set the agenda of the World Health Organization (WHO) as well as to elect a new WHO Director General, we do hope that resolve to end TB stigma and discrimination becomes steely as it is also one of the critical cogs of the wheel to #endTB.