status asthmaticus


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status

 [sta´tus, stat´us] (L.)
state, particularly in reference to a morbid condition.
absence status sustained clouding of consciousness for several hours, with no interval of normal mental activity, and with few stereotyped movements or no abnormal motor activity.
status asthma´ticus a particularly severe episode of asthma that does not respond adequately to ordinary therapeutic measures and usually requires hospitalization.
status epilep´ticus rapid succession of epileptic spasms without intervals of consciousness; brain damage may result.
status lympha´ticus lymphatism.
performance status ability of a patient to function, as measured by a performance scale.
status thymicolympha´ticus a condition resembling lymphatism, with enlargement of lymphadenoid tissue and of the thymus as the special influencing factor; formerly thought to be the cause of sudden death in children.
status verruco´sus a wartlike appearance of the cerebral cortex, produced by disorderly arrangement of the neuroblasts, so that the formation of fissures and sulci is irregular and unpredictable.
status (omaha) in the omaha system, the condition of the client in relation to objective and subjective defining characteristics.

sta·tus asth·mat·i·cus

a condition of severe, prolonged asthma.

status asthmaticus

an acute, severe, and prolonged asthma attack. It is caused by critically diminished airway diameter resulting from ongoing bronchospasm, edema, and mucous plugging. Hypoxia, cyanosis, and unconsciousness may follow, and the attack may be fatal. Treatment includes supplemental oxygen given to correct hypoxemia, bronchodilators given intravenously or by aerosol inhalation, corticosteroids, mechanical ventilation, sedation, frequent therapy, and emotional support. See also allergic asthma, asthma.

status asthmaticus

Pulmonology A condition characterized by ↓ response in asthmatics to drugs for which they had previously been sensitive; alternatively, the failure to respond to 3 therapeutic interventions with adrenergic bronchodilators in the ER; Pts in SA are invariably hypoxic and require hospital admission for monitoring of arterial blood gases and pH Management If hypercapneic, rehydration, O2, aminophylline, methylprednisone, high-dose IM triamcinolone. See Asthma.

sta·tus asth·mat·i·cus

(stā'tŭs az-mat'i-kŭs)
A condition of severe, prolonged asthma.

status asthmaticus

A dangerous and often fatal form of ASTHMA requiring emergency hospital treatment by experts. In status asthmaticus the level of oxygen in the blood rapidly drops to a critical degree. Oxygen is given under pressure together with steroid drugs and bronchodilators. Mechanical ventilation may be needed.

sta·tus asth·mat·i·cus

(stā'tŭs az-mat'i-kŭs)
Condition involving severe, prolonged asthma.

status

[L.] condition, state.

status asthmaticus
asthmatic crisis; a sudden, intense and continuous asthmatic attack with dyspnea, gagging and cyanosis. May be seen in feline bronchial asthma.
status epilepticus
rapid succession of epileptic spasms without intervals of consciousness; brain damage may result.
status spongiosum
see spongy degeneration.
References in periodicals archive ?
When all hospitalizations and all ICU admissions were considered, total pediatric hospitalizations decreased just 9%, compared with 43% for status asthmaticus.
toward more aggressive management of status asthmaticus patients in the ICU," Dr.
Despite the fact that only 17 of 108 hospitals had a PICU, three-quarters of the children with status asthmaticus who needed intensive care were seen in PlCUs.
Adult hospitals still have far too many lower-acuity admissions for status asthmaticus," she said.
If there's one take-home point I'd like you all to remember today, it's that ICU admissions for status asthmaticus are increasing linearly over time," she continued.
Karwat K et al,--The factors inducing status asthmaticus and changes Physical examination on admission to intensive care unit: Wrad lek 55 (9-10):525-34, 2002.
Controversial pharmacological management for status asthmaticus includes intravenous isoproterenol, continuous nebulized or intravenous (IV) terbutaline, and to a more limited extent, intravenous ketamine and magnesium sulfate infusions (Bechler-Karsch, 1994).
Gluck and colleagues (1990) studied seven adults in status asthmaticus who were intubated for respiratory failure, and were successfully ventilated with a mixture of 60% helium and 40% oxygen.
No specific duration of heliox therapy could be found for the treatment of the pediatric patient with status asthmaticus.
At the University of Chicago Children's Hospital, a double blind randomized control study was performed by Kudukis and colleagues (1997) on 18 pediatric patients in status asthmaticus.
During status asthmaticus the pulsus paradoxus may increase greatly as airway obstruction increases until it falls when the respiratory muscles become fatigued (Kudukis et al.