2,33) Human papillomavirus DNA is identified in 100% of endometrioid ADCs that arise from the cervical squamocolumnar
Wooden spatula was used to take cells from squamocolumnar
junction by sweeping 3600.
When high-threshold was used then only well demarcated, opaque white areas near the squamocolumnar
junction (SCJ) were taken as positive; whereas in low-threshold criterion faint or ill-defined acetowhite anywhere and well-defined areas away from SCJ were also taken as positive.
One limitation, which is also a problem with current methods of visual inspection of the cervix, is lack of ability to see the squamocolumnar
Definite, angular, geographic, acetowhite lesions far away from the squamocolumnar
80-100 units of Botulinum toxin A are injected in divided doses in all four quadrants at the level of the squamocolumnar
junction via endoscopic guidance.
76 Peptic strictures occur usually at the squamocolumnar
junction and measure 1-4 cm in length.
If the squamocolumnar
junction is visible and an endocervical curettage is done, this is adequate.
The phrenoesophageal ligament anchors the distal esophagus to the diaphragmatic hiatus and inserts into the esophageal musculature in close vicinity of the squamocolumnar
Most cervical cancers arise at the squamocolumnar
junction, where coincident HPV infection occurs in foci of greatest metaplastic activity.
A discrete population of squamocolumnar
junction cells implicated in the pathogenesis of cervical cancer.
Pap smear was done with the Ayers spatula by the standard method of rotating it at an angle of 360 degree in the cervix so that cells can be properly picked up from the squamocolumnar