sporidesmin

sporidesmin

the toxin in the fungus Pithomyces chartarum; the cause of facial eczema.
References in periodicals archive ?
Chronic diffuse diseases of the biliary tract, such as sporidesmin poisoning and fascioliasis, can cause atrophy of the left lobe in ruminants, probably as a result of the greater difficulty in maintaining adequate biliary drainage from this lobe, whose bile ducts are longer than those of the right one in these species.
Sporidesmin production by Pithomyces chartarum isolates from Australia, Brazil, New Zealand and Uruguay.
chartarum fungal spores and with no sporidesmin production, so it was concluded that such cases were not due to the presence of the fungus, but to toxic conditions of Brachiaria components (16).
In addition, sporidesmin and other hepatotoxic mycotoxins may act in synergy with the steroidal saponins.
The spores of Pithomyces chartarum fungus can contain the hepatotoxic sporidesmin that can cause hepatogenous photosensitization like Brachiaria poisoning.