spondylitis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to spondylitis: spondylosis, spondylolysis

spondylitis

 [spon″dĭ-li´tis]
inflammation of the vertebrae, usually a serious and chronic disorder. It may be associated with tuberculosis of the bones, in which case it is called pott's disease. The vertebrae become eroded and collapse, causing kyphosis. Spondylitis may also be associated with other infectious diseases, such as brucellosis, in which the intervertebral disks and the vertebrae are affected and sometimes destroyed; this is one cause of ankylosing spondylitis, a particularly serious variety.
ankylosing spondylitis (Bekhterev's spondylitis) a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects the spine, characterized by inflammation of the facet joints and inflammatory changes of the stabilizing ligaments of the spine (enthesopathy). It affects males almost exclusively. There is stiffening of spinal joints and ligaments, so that movement becomes increasingly painful and difficult. When it runs its full course, it results in bony ankylosis of the vertebral joints, which may extend to the ribs and limit the flexibility of the rib cage, so that breathing is impaired. Called also Marie-Strümpell disease or spondylitis and rheumatoid spondylitis.
Typical posture of patient with ankylosing spondylitis. From Copstead and Banasik, 2000.
Kümmell's spondylitis Kümmell's disease.
Marie-Strümpell spondylitis ankylosing spondylitis.
post-traumatic spondylitis Kümmell's disease.
rheumatoid spondylitis ankylosing spondylitis.

spon·dy·li·tis

(spon-di-lī'tis),
Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae.
[spondyl- + G. -itis, inflammation]

spondylitis

/spon·dy·li·tis/ (spon″dĭ-li´tis) inflammation of vertebrae.
spondylitis ankylopoie´tica , ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis of the spine, affecting young persons predominantly, with pain and stiffness as a result of inflammation of the sacroiliac, intervertebral, and costovertebral joints; it may progress to cause complete spinal and thoracic rigidity.
Kümmell's spondylitis  see under disease.
Marie-Strümpell spondylitis  ankylosing s.
spondylitis tuberculo´sa  tuberculosis of the spine.
spondylitis typho´sa  that following typhoid fever.

spondylitis

(spŏn′dl-ī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the vertebrae.

spondylitis

[spon′dəlī′tis]
Etymology: Gk, sphondylos, vertebra, itis
an inflammation of any of the vertebrae, usually characterized by stiffness and pain. The condition may be the result of traumatic injury to the spine, infection, or rheumatoid disease. See also ankylosing spondylitis. spondylitic, adj.

spondylitis

Orthopedics Inflammation of one or more vertebrae. See Ankylosing spondylitis.

spon·dy·li·tis

(spon'di-lī'tis)
Inflammation of one or more vertebrae.
[G. spondylos, vertebrae + G. -itis, inflammation]

spondylitis

Inflammation of any of the joints between the VERTEBRAE of the spine. This may occur in OSTEOARTHRITIS, RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, or, more specifically, in ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS.

Spondylitis

An inflammation of the spine.

spondylitis

inflammation of one or more vertebrae

spondylitis (spôn·d·līˑ·ts),

n condition marked by inflammation of the vertebrae.

spondylitis (spon´dəlī´tis),

n an inflammation of spinal vertebrae, usually characterized by stiffness and pain.

spondylitis

osteomyelitis of the vertebrae. See also spondylosis, diskospondylitis.

Patient discussion about spondylitis

Q. Is ankylosing spondylitis genetically inherited?

A. It is known today that ankylosing spondylitis (spondyloarthritis) has a very strong genetic connection. It is not a disease inhertited by a single gene that is dominant, but certainly there is genetic predisposition in families (and a more detailed information- about 90% of the patients express the HLA-B27 genotype).

More discussions about spondylitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Ankylosing spondylitis and FMF are two clinical conditions affecting people of almost the same age group.
Meta-analysis of the safety data between infliximab biosimilar (CT-P13) and innovator infliximab in rheumatoid arthritis and ankylosing spondylitis.
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is a chronic systemic inflammatory disease that manifests first as joint pain and stiffness in the neck, lower back, and hips, and in some cases the hands and feet, followed by fusion and rigidity of affected joints over time.
He said ahead of the challenge: "My treatment in recent years by the NHS has been excellent, but in my teens and 20s the lack of awareness of ankylosing spondylitis - including by GPs - led to late diagnosis and inappropriate treatments.
Determinants of early radiographic progression in ankylosing spondylitis.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a disease which usually strikes young people between the ages of 15 and 30 and has over 200,000 sufferers in the UK - nearly 5,000 of those in Wales.
1) Spondyloarthritis regroups several related but phenotypically distinct disorders such as psoriatic arthritis, arthritis related to inflammatory bowel disease, reactive arthritis, a sub-group of juvenile chronic arthritis, and ankylosing spondylitis with last mentioned being the prototypic and best studied subtype.
Ankylosing spondylitis (AS), also known as Bechterew's disease, is a chronic inflammatory disease that primarily affects the axial skeleton and is characterized by ossification of the spinal joints and ligaments.
High association of HL-A antigen, W27, with ankylosing spondylitis.
Brown at Australia's University of Queensland, led the research by the Triple "A" Spondylitis Consortium Genetic Study (i.