spondylitis


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Related to spondylitis: spondylosis, spondylolysis

spondylitis

 [spon″dĭ-li´tis]
inflammation of the vertebrae, usually a serious and chronic disorder. It may be associated with tuberculosis of the bones, in which case it is called pott's disease. The vertebrae become eroded and collapse, causing kyphosis. Spondylitis may also be associated with other infectious diseases, such as brucellosis, in which the intervertebral disks and the vertebrae are affected and sometimes destroyed; this is one cause of ankylosing spondylitis, a particularly serious variety.
ankylosing spondylitis (Bekhterev's spondylitis) a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects the spine, characterized by inflammation of the facet joints and inflammatory changes of the stabilizing ligaments of the spine (enthesopathy). It affects males almost exclusively. There is stiffening of spinal joints and ligaments, so that movement becomes increasingly painful and difficult. When it runs its full course, it results in bony ankylosis of the vertebral joints, which may extend to the ribs and limit the flexibility of the rib cage, so that breathing is impaired. Called also Marie-Strümpell disease or spondylitis and rheumatoid spondylitis.
Typical posture of patient with ankylosing spondylitis. From Copstead and Banasik, 2000.
Kümmell's spondylitis Kümmell's disease.
Marie-Strümpell spondylitis ankylosing spondylitis.
post-traumatic spondylitis Kümmell's disease.
rheumatoid spondylitis ankylosing spondylitis.

spon·dy·li·tis

(spon-di-lī'tis),
Inflammation of one or more of the vertebrae.
[spondyl- + G. -itis, inflammation]

spondylitis

/spon·dy·li·tis/ (spon″dĭ-li´tis) inflammation of vertebrae.
spondylitis ankylopoie´tica , ankylosing spondylitis rheumatoid arthritis of the spine, affecting young persons predominantly, with pain and stiffness as a result of inflammation of the sacroiliac, intervertebral, and costovertebral joints; it may progress to cause complete spinal and thoracic rigidity.
Kümmell's spondylitis  see under disease.
Marie-Strümpell spondylitis  ankylosing s.
spondylitis tuberculo´sa  tuberculosis of the spine.
spondylitis typho´sa  that following typhoid fever.

spondylitis

(spŏn′dl-ī′tĭs)
n.
Inflammation of the vertebrae.

spondylitis

[spon′dəlī′tis]
Etymology: Gk, sphondylos, vertebra, itis
an inflammation of any of the vertebrae, usually characterized by stiffness and pain. The condition may be the result of traumatic injury to the spine, infection, or rheumatoid disease. See also ankylosing spondylitis. spondylitic, adj.

spondylitis

Orthopedics Inflammation of one or more vertebrae. See Ankylosing spondylitis.

spon·dy·li·tis

(spon'di-lī'tis)
Inflammation of one or more vertebrae.
[G. spondylos, vertebrae + G. -itis, inflammation]

spondylitis

Inflammation of any of the joints between the VERTEBRAE of the spine. This may occur in OSTEOARTHRITIS, RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS, or, more specifically, in ANKYLOSING SPONDYLITIS.

Spondylitis

An inflammation of the spine.

spondylitis

inflammation of one or more vertebrae

spondylitis (spôn·d·līˑ·ts),

n condition marked by inflammation of the vertebrae.

spondylitis (spon´dəlī´tis),

n an inflammation of spinal vertebrae, usually characterized by stiffness and pain.

spondylitis

osteomyelitis of the vertebrae. See also spondylosis, diskospondylitis.

Patient discussion about spondylitis

Q. Is ankylosing spondylitis genetically inherited?

A. It is known today that ankylosing spondylitis (spondyloarthritis) has a very strong genetic connection. It is not a disease inhertited by a single gene that is dominant, but certainly there is genetic predisposition in families (and a more detailed information- about 90% of the patients express the HLA-B27 genotype).

More discussions about spondylitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Identification of the most common problems by patients with ankylosing spondylitis using the international classification of functioning, disability and health.
5,6 Ankylosing spondylitis is not normally associated with quadriceps degeneration to such an extent that it can cause rupture as was seen in the case reported herein.
Osteopontin might be involved in bone remodeling rather than in inflammation in ankylosing spondylitis.
Increased mortality in ankylosing spondylitis is related to disease activity.
The link between ankylosing spondylitis, Crohn's disease, Klebsiella, and starch consumption.
However, surgical intervention should be considered if a tuberculous spondylitis is resistant to antibiotics, or neurological symptoms or spinal instability appears [21].
The stooped position of patients with ankylosing spondylitis may be caused by severe hip-flexion contracture or kyphosis of the thoracolumbar spine or both.
A review of the Ankylosing Spondylitis (Bekhterev's Disease) products under development by companies and universities/research institutes based on information derived from company and industry-specific sources
This was the unexpected finding of a comprehensive analysis of trends in medication use over a 12-year period among 1,018 ankylosing spondylitis patients participating in the ongoing multicenter Prospective Study of Outcomes in Ankylosing Spondylitis (PSOAS), Dr.
Ankylosing spondylitis is a chronic inflammatory disease that predominantly affects the dorsal column, the inflammatory process starting frequently at the level of sacroiliac joints and progressing upwardly.