splinter hemorrhage


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splinter hemorrhage

linear bleeding under a fingernail or toenail, resembling a splinter. It is seen after trauma and in bacterial endocarditis. Also spelled splinter haemorrhage.
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Splinter hemorrhage

splinter hemorrhage

A small linear subungual hemorrhage which is red when fresh and brown when aged, located at the distal13 of the nailbed, classically associated with mitral stenosis

splinter hemorrhage

A small linear hemorrhage under the fingernails or toenails. It may be due to subacute bacterial endocarditis.
See also: hemorrhage
References in periodicals archive ?
In order of decreasing frequency, nail changes of psoriasis are pitting, onycholysis, subungual hyperkeratosis, nail plate discoloration, uneven nail surface, splinter hemorrhages and lastly acute and chronic paronychia5.
Pits, ridges and grooves are a result of psoriasis of the nail matrix, whereas onycholysis, subungual hyperkeratosis and splinter hemorrhages are attributable to disease of the nail bed or hyponychium.
Other less frequent changes were Beau's lines (14%), splinter hemorrhages (12%) [Figure 4], longitudinal ridging (12%), paronychia (10%), longitudinal melanonychia (4%) [Figure 5], perilunular erythema/red lunule (5%) [Figure 6] and twenty nail dystrophy (3%).
Although splinter hemorrhages in subacute bacterial endocarditis have been described as proximally located, (21) there are no sufficient data to confirm this--mainly because splinter lesions migrate distally as the nail grows.
Splinter hemorrhages may also be associated with mitral stenosis, vasculitis, cirrhosis, trichinosis, scurvy, chronic glomerulonephritis, and Darier's disease.
Inspection of the hands showed numerous splinter hemorrhages.