splenius capitis

splenius capitis

[splē′nē·əs]
Etymology: Gk, splenion, bandage; L, caput, head
one of a pair of deep muscles of the neck and back. Arising from the nuchal ligament, the seventh cervical vertebra, and the first three or four thoracic vertebrae, it inserts in the occipital bone and the mastoid process of the temporal bone. It acts to rotate, extend, and bend the head.
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Splenius capitis muscle
References in periodicals archive ?
In long-standing cases of focal dystonia, such as spasmodic cervical torticollis, selective peripheral denervation of the sternocleidomastoid muscle, trapezius and splenius capitis muscles in the neck can lead to significant improvement in the torticollis (the Bertrand procedure).
Key trigger point Associated satellite trigger point sternocleidomastoid temporalis, masseter upper trapezius temporalis, masseter scalene deltoid, extensor carpi radialis, extensor digitorum communis splenius capitis temporalis supraspinatus deltoid, extensor carpi radialis infraspinatus biceps brachii pectoralis minor flexor carpi radialis, flexor carpi ulnaris latissimus dorsi triceps brachii, flexor carpi ulnaris serratus posterior superior triceps brachii, extensor digitorum communis, extensor carpi ulnaris quadratus lumborum gluteus maximus, piriformis piriformis hamstrings hamstrings gastrocnemius, soleus
The muscular floor of the triangle comprises (from superior to inferior): splenius capitis, levator scapulae, and scalenus medius and posterior (Bruce et al 1967, Drake et al 2005, Grant and Basmajian 1965, Last 1978, Moore and Dalley 2006, Wood Jones 1953, Woodburne and Burkel 1988, Zuckerman 1961) (see Figure 1).
6) With respect to the occipital and cervical paraspinal regions (trapezius, splenius capitis, seminspinalis capitis), injection sites are more specific to subjective reports of pain, rather than the specific muscle.