Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.
An abdominal catastrophe marked by severe, often pleuritic pain, hemodynamic instability, blood loss into the peritoneum, and occasionally cardiovascular collapse and death. It may occur as a result of trauma or rarely in patients with infectious mononucleosis. Treatment may be conservative or may involve removal of the spleen. In delayed rupture of the spleen, a catastrophic illness may not present until days or weeks after the causative injury.
See also: rupture
pertaining to the spleen.
caused by hematogenous spread of an infection elsewhere, by penetration by a foreign body from the reticulum in cattle, by ulceration from the stomach in the horse. Manifested by fever and toxemia, pain on palpation over the spleen and by a positive paracentesis sample.
see Table 9.
lymph nodules in the splenic matrix.
may be detectable on palpation. Usually caused by displacement of the stomach or intestine to which the spleen is attached.
splenic meridian points
acupuncture points situated along the splenic meridian.
a ribonuclease that is a 5′→3′ exonuclease.
only likely in a grossly enlarged spleen, e.g. in bovine viral leukosis.
a twisting or rotation of the spleen on its vascular pedicle, often in association with gastric dilatation-volvulus in large breed dogs, results in primarily venous congestion and possibly thrombosis and infarction. Clinical signs include abdominal distention and pain, vomiting, and in acute cases cardiovascular collapse and shock.