spiritual care


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.
Related to spiritual care: CAPPE

spiritual care

 
that aspect of health care that attends to spiritual and religious needs brought on by an illness or injury. Health care professionals profess a commitment to holistic care, in which the whole person is ministered to, yet they often leave spiritual problems to persons whom they consider better qualified than they to deal with problems of this kind. Thus patients often have deep concerns that are unspoken and suffering that is not shared.



Assessment of spiritual needs should go beyond a perfunctory question about religious affiliation at the time of admission. Questions about values and beliefs should be asked, preferably at the end of the assessment interview, when the patient shows trust and confidence in the nurse. It may be that patients will provide little information at first, but later on, when there is a more trusting relationship with the nurse, or when a frightening medical diagnosis has been made, assessment and interventions may be indicated. However, if patients remain reluctant to discuss personal beliefs and values, their right to privacy is respected.

Stoll has suggested that there are four general areas of concern to be addressed during spiritual assessment. These include (1) the person's concept of God or deity and how this concept is significant in his or her life; (2) sources of help and strength in times of spiritual crises; (3) religious practices; and (4) the relation between spiritual beliefs and health, sickness, and death.

Profound questions of the meaning of suffering and death may surface when a person is experiencing a serious illness or similar crisis of physical health. In the face of impending death or a radical change imposed by the loss of a body part or function, patients may experience panic, anxiety, depression, and feelings of guilt or abandonment. They need opportunities to express spiritual concerns to an attentive listener, to bring into focus and work through their questions and doubts, and to experience hope and support for the beliefs that give them strength and consolation.

While health care providers are not typically the primary source of spiritual counsel, they can contribute to the overall welfare of their patients by being alert for expressions of spiritual distress, listening to the patients when they want to talk about spiritual concerns, and reading and praying with them when appropriate. Referral to the hospital chaplain or the patient's minister, priest, or other spiritual guide is an important part of meeting a patient's spiritual needs, but it does not relieve health care professionals of their responsibility for continued spiritual support.
References in periodicals archive ?
Meetings are held on the first Monday of the month from 7pm to 9pm, in the quiet room of the spiritual care department at University Hospital Wishaw.
Dawn Allan took up her role as Spiritual Care Lead for the NHS last year and is now operating out of the PS213 million hospital's impressive unit dedicated to offering a nondenominational area for peace, prayer and support.
Meetings are held on the first Monday of the month, from 7pm to 9pm, in the quiet room of the spiritual care department at University Hospital Wishaw.
The Spiritual Care Co-ordinator will work more closely with local religious communities to ensure that the spiritual needs of patients with all faiths and beliefs are coordinated, rather than pigeonholing spiritual care into a Christian position.
I found the opening statement challenging in itself: "The rise of the biopsychosocial spiritual model and the patient-centred approach to medical care has led to the inclusion of spiritual care as part of professional practice requirements.
Reid serves as director of spiritual care services at Keswick Multicare Center, is pastor of Abundant Faith Church and a spiritual servant leader at RMCM Open Secret CC Movement.
The prayer of remembrance was given by Rev Dave Williams, lead chaplain and spiritual care manager at Alder Hey, who said: "The service was a chance to pause to remember, to give thanks and to pray for the future of a hospital that is special to so many families.
Mike Gartland, head of pastoral and spiritual care at the Trust, will talk about a new initiative pioneered by the organisation which aims to build connections with local spiritual organisations and respond more effectively to local health needs.
Stark is spiritual care manager and chaplain at Brockville General Hospital and lay minister at St.
Empowering Couples: A Narrative Approach to Spiritual Care.
Rev Shepherd, who has trained as a professional counsellor, was previously responsible for spiritual and pastoral care services in the Worcestershire NHS healthcare community and, for a time, acted as spiritual care consultant to Birmingham St Mary's Hospice.
Karen Henson, Bereavement and Spiritual Care Service Manager, said: "We would like to extend a very warm welcome to any of our bereaved parents, their families and friends.