spiritual care

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Related to spiritual care: CAPPE

spiritual care

that aspect of health care that attends to spiritual and religious needs brought on by an illness or injury. Health care professionals profess a commitment to holistic care, in which the whole person is ministered to, yet they often leave spiritual problems to persons whom they consider better qualified than they to deal with problems of this kind. Thus patients often have deep concerns that are unspoken and suffering that is not shared.

Assessment of spiritual needs should go beyond a perfunctory question about religious affiliation at the time of admission. Questions about values and beliefs should be asked, preferably at the end of the assessment interview, when the patient shows trust and confidence in the nurse. It may be that patients will provide little information at first, but later on, when there is a more trusting relationship with the nurse, or when a frightening medical diagnosis has been made, assessment and interventions may be indicated. However, if patients remain reluctant to discuss personal beliefs and values, their right to privacy is respected.

Stoll has suggested that there are four general areas of concern to be addressed during spiritual assessment. These include (1) the person's concept of God or deity and how this concept is significant in his or her life; (2) sources of help and strength in times of spiritual crises; (3) religious practices; and (4) the relation between spiritual beliefs and health, sickness, and death.

Profound questions of the meaning of suffering and death may surface when a person is experiencing a serious illness or similar crisis of physical health. In the face of impending death or a radical change imposed by the loss of a body part or function, patients may experience panic, anxiety, depression, and feelings of guilt or abandonment. They need opportunities to express spiritual concerns to an attentive listener, to bring into focus and work through their questions and doubts, and to experience hope and support for the beliefs that give them strength and consolation.

While health care providers are not typically the primary source of spiritual counsel, they can contribute to the overall welfare of their patients by being alert for expressions of spiritual distress, listening to the patients when they want to talk about spiritual concerns, and reading and praying with them when appropriate. Referral to the hospital chaplain or the patient's minister, priest, or other spiritual guide is an important part of meeting a patient's spiritual needs, but it does not relieve health care professionals of their responsibility for continued spiritual support.
References in periodicals archive ?
Its mission is to advance the integration of spiritual care in health care through clinical practice, research and education in order to increase patient satisfaction and help people faced with illness and grief find comfort and meaning-whoever they are, whatever they believe, wherever they are.
Parish nurses in Europe Country Number of Denomination Type of care most active commonly offered by parish nurses and nurses (as volunteers at Nov 2013) Finland 700 Lutheran Health advocacy and promotion, spiritual care Ukraine 15 Orthodox, Catholic Health promotion, and Free Church hands on care, spiritual care Georgia 16 Baptist Hands on care, spiritual care Germany 15 Lutheran, Baptist Health advocacy, home visiting, spiritual care UK 90 Anglican, Baptist, Health promotion, Catholic, Church of health advocacy, Scotland, Church in home visiting, Wales, Independent, spiritual care Methodist, New Churches, Pentecostal, Salvation Army
CONCLUSION Additional education is needed for professional nurses concerning spirituality and the provision of spiritual care in a holistic manner.
Workplace Chaplaincy provides expertise in pastoral and spiritual care in the workplace regardless of faith or gender to all employees.
Although theoretical and empirical literature addressing spiritual care as it relates to nursing practice is increasing and emerges as an important body of knowledge, spiritual nursing care is still not well understood, nor applied meaningfully in practice.
More than 30 TGH professionals collaborated in the development of this program: five RNs and four RN clinical educators, four allied health, four bioethics, two wellness, three spiritual care and nine physicians.
Instead of balking at the investment being made by the Welsh Government in hospital chaplaincy, those who are critical of the approach being taken towards spiritual care in Wales should celebrate the impact that such care has on the health and wellbeing of patients and their loved ones and commend those who work to deliver it.
Called "Learning Together from Our Great Cloud of Witnesses," these thought-provoking queries challenge the reader to think about how he or she might apply the practices they have just read about to their own ministry of spiritual care.
I visit patients to offer pastoral and spiritual care.
There is a growing recognition of the importance of spiritual care in providing quality care to patients with life-threatening illnesses.
It goes on to say that the faith community nurse (FCN) is knowledgeable in two areas - professional nursing and spiritual care.
The team includes a physician, nurse, psychologist, primary counselor, case manager, spiritual care counselor, family counselor, dietitian, fitness trainer and chemical dependency technician, reports the New York Post.