spinal curvature


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.
Related to spinal curvature: scoliosis, cervical curvature

curvature

 [ker´vah-chur]
a nonangular deviation from a normally straight course.
greater curvature of stomach the left or lateral and inferior border of the stomach, marking the inferior junction of the anterior and posterior surfaces.
lesser curvature of stomach the right or medial border of the stomach, marking the superior junction of the anterior and posterior surfaces.
penile curvature curvature of the penis to one side when erect; called also clubbed penis.
Pott's curvature abnormal posterior curvature of the spine occurring as a result of Pott's disease.
spinal curvature abnormal deviation of the vertebral column, as in kyphosis, lordosis, and scoliosis.

ky·pho·sis

(kī-fō'sis),
1. An anteriorly concave curvature of the vertebral column; the normal kyphoses of the thoracic and sacral regions are retained portions of the primary curvature (kyphosis) of the vertebral column.
2. A forward (flexion) curvature of the spine; the thoracic spine normally has a mild kyphosis; excessive forward curvature of the thoracic spine may indicate a pathologic condition.
[G. kyphōsis, hump-back, fr. kyphos, bent, hump-backed]

spinal curvature

any persistent, abnormal deviation of the vertebral column from its normal position. Kinds of spinal curvature are kyphoscoliosis, kyphosis, lordosis, and scoliosis.

ky·pho·sis

(kī-fō'sis)
1. An anteriorly concave curvature of the vertebral column, such as normally occurs in the thoracic and sacrococcygeal regions.
2. Hyperkyphosis; excessive anteriorly concave curvature of a part of the spine, usually thoracic.
Compare: hyperkyphotic
[G. kyphōsis, hump-back, fr. kyphos, bent, hump-backed]

lor·do·sis

(lōr-dō'sis)
1. [TA] A normal anteriorly convex curvature of the vertebral column.
2. Hyperlordosis; an abnormal anteriorly convex curvature of the spine, usually lumbar.
Compare: hyperlordosis, hyperlordotic
[G. lordōsis, a bending backward]

sco·li·o·sis

(skō'lē-ō'sis) [TA]
Abnormal lateral curvature of the vertebral column. Depending on the etiology, there may be one curve, or primary and secondary compensatory curves; scoliosis may be "fixed" as a result of muscle and/or bone deformity or "mobile" as a result of unequal muscle contraction.
[G. skoliōsis, a crookedness]

curvature

a nonangular deviation from a normally straight course.

greater curvature of reticulum
in the cow lies against the diaphragm opposite the sixth and seventh ribs and faces left and ventrally.
greater curvature of stomach
the left or lateral border of the stomach, marking the junction of the parietal and visceral surfaces.
lesser curvature of reticulum
in the cow faces right and dorsally and lies against the omasum.
lesser curvature of stomach
the right or medial border of the stomach, marking the junction of the parietal and visceral surfaces.
spinal curvature
abnormal deviation of the vertebral column, as in kyphosis, lordosis and scoliosis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Because the sport-specific asymmetric work in tennis, combined with trunk flexion and hyperextension movements could generate morphological spine adaptations in adolescent tennis players, the aims of this study were: 1) to describe spinal curvatures and pelvic tilt in male and female highly trained adolescent tennis players during relaxed standing posture and with thoracic spine corrected (in prone lying on the floor); and 2) to determine the frequency of thoracic hyperkyphosis and lumbar hypo/hyper lordosis in these postures.
Common symptoms of brevetoxin toxicity in fish include spinal curvature, corkscrew swimming, loss of equilibrium, and convulsions before death (Kennedy et al.
San Francisco State University professor Paul Longmore, who has a spinal curvature, says, "I have had children recoil from me because they have seen movies that taught them to fear or pity anyone who looked like me.
The use of the MAGEC System is designed to result in reduced spinal curvature, improving appearance and posture.
Freya, who has cerebral palsy, epilepsy, spinal curvature, blindness and can't speak or eat and has to be tube-fed, was rushed to hospital after going into respiratory arrest.
This figure represented her height with assumed normal spinal curvature because she suffered from severe scoliosis (curvature of the spine) and could not stand up straight.
Timothy Neuschwander of University of California, San Diego, and his team magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans show compression of the spinal discs and spinal curvature caused by typical school backpack loads in children.
In the future, Alex could experience poor sight, spinal curvature and dental abnormalities - most primordial dwarf children have dentures by the age of six.
The soft brace, according to Atlanta chiropractor Brian Ouellette, a certified distributor, encourages the patient's own musculature to help correct spinal curvature and rotation, and can be worn under a patient's clothing and kept on during ballet class.
0 ng/egg led to the development of embryos with an even greater degree of spinal curvature.
NEW ORLEANS -- Loss of normal lumbar spinal curvature may predispose women to pelvic organ prolapse, Dr.
Jonathan, aged 12, of Turvins Meadow, Priors Marston, was selected for his courage in living life to the full despite a spinal curvature birth defect.