spinal cord abscess
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Related to spinal cord abscess: Brain abscess
spinal cord abscessNeurology A gob of pus, usually in the epidural space, causing spinal cord compression Etiology Staphylococcus spp spread through bone and meninges; rarely also, fungal, TB Risk factors Skin abscesses, bacteremia, back injury or trauma, lumbar puncture, back surgery, any of which may cause osteomyelitis
that part of the central nervous system lodged in the spinal canal, extending from the foramen magnum to a point in the lumbar or sacral vertebrae, depending on the species.
spinal cord abscess
see spinal abscess.
spinal cord atrophy
diminution in mass of the entire cord, is usually the hallmark of undernutrition or old age, or both.
spinal cord compression
may be gradual due to space-occupying lesion of vertebral canal, such as abscess, callus of a fracture, or a tumor, or acute due to fracture dislocation or thrombosis. In general, clinical signs include paresis or paralysis, but depending on the level of the spinal cord involved and the type of lesion present there may also be urinary incontinence, loss of sensation, Horner's syndrome, and in acute lesions, spinal shock.
spinal cord degeneration
spinal cord hemorrhage
spinal cord hypoplasia
usually segmental, especially in the lumbar area.
spinal cord local ischemia
caused by embolus of a spinal artery; has the same effect as traumatic injury (see below).
spinal cord tracts
more or less distinct bundles of fibers within the white matter of the spinal cord. There are three funiculi on each side of the cord—dorsal, lateral and ventral; subdivisions within the funiculi include eleven major tracts—gracile and cuneate fasciculi, lateral and ventral corticospinal tracts, rubrospinal tract, dorsal and ventral spinocerebellar tracts, lateral and ventral spinothalamic tracts, elementary apparatus fibers, ventral corticospinal tract, vestibulospinal tract.
spinal cord traumatic injury
fracture or dislocation of one or more vertebrae; causes a syndrome of acute flaccid paralysis in the area supplied with nerves from the injured segment and spastic paralysis in the parts supplied by the cord segments caudal to the injury.