spinal


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spinal

 [spi´nal]
1. pertaining to a spine.
2. pertaining to the vertebral column.
spinal cord that part of the central nervous system lodged in the spinal canal, extending from the foramen magnum to the upper part of the lumbar region. It is composed of an inner core of gray substance in which nerve cells predominate and an outer layer of white substance in which myelinated nerve fibers predominate. Called also medulla spinalis. (See Plates and see accompanying figures.)
Gross anatomy of the spinal cord. From Applegate, 2000.
Cross section of the spinal cord. From Applegate, 2000.

spi·nal

(spī'năl),
1. Relating to any spine or spinous process.
2. Relating to the vertebral column.
[L. spinalis]

spinal

/spi·nal/ (spi´n'l)
1. pertaining to a spine or to the vertebral column.
2. pertaining to the spinal cord's functioning independently from the brain.

spinal

(spī′nəl)
adj.
1. Of, relating to, or situated near the spine or spinal cord; vertebral: spinal injury.
2. Resembling a spine or spinous part.
n.
An anesthetic injected into the spinal cord to induce partial or complete anesthesia.

spi′nal·ly adv.

spinal

[spī′nəl]
Etymology: L, spina
1 adj, pertaining to a spine, especially the spinal column.
2 n,
Usage notes: (informal)
spinal anesthesia, such as saddle block or caudal anesthesia.

spi·nal

(spī'năl)
1. Relating to any spine or spinous process.
2. Relating to the vertebral column.
Synonym(s): rachial, rachidial.
[L. spinalis ]

spinal

pertaining to a spine or to the vertebral column and in many instances to the spinal cord.

spinal abscess
infection may be introduced hematologically from navel infection to a vertebral body or up the vertebral canal from an infected docking wound. Clinically there is a development of paresis over a few days then paraplegia when the abscess is in the lumbar region or quadriplegia when it is located in the cervical area.
spinal accessory nerve
see accessory nerve, Table 14.
congenital spinal stenosis
stenosis of the vertebral canal present at birth; recorded in calves.
spinal fibrocartilaginous emboli
see fibrocartilaginous embolic myelopathy.
focal symmetrical spinal poliomalacia
see focal symmetrical spinal poliomalacia.
spinal fusion
surgical creation of ankylosis of contiguous vertebrae.
spinal meninges
spinal meningitis
usually part of cerebrospinal meningitis. May be local related to spinal cord abscess and cause localized pain and muscle rigidity.
spinal muscular atrophy
see hereditary spinal muscular atrophy, hereditary neuronal abiotrophy of Swedish Lapland dogs.
spinal myelitis
spinal myelopathy
spinal nerve
any of the paired nerves arising from the spinal cord and passing out between the vertebrae.
spinal puncture
introduction of a hollow needle into the subarachnoid space of the spinal canal, usually for the purpose of collecting a sample of cerebrospinal fluid, to introduce radiopaque material for myelography, or the injection of an anesthetic.
spinal reflex
any reflex action mediated through a center at the spinal cord.
spinal stenosis
see spinal cord compression (above).
spinal tap
see spinal puncture (above).
spinal trauma
temporary or permanent dislocation of one or more spinal vertebrae; or fracture; causes immediate flaccid paralysis caudal to injury due to spinal shock, followed by residual signs due to damage to spinal cord tissue.
spinal walking
see reflex walking.
References in periodicals archive ?
When subluxations occur, and most people have them due to gravity, they cause unwanted stress to have an impact on the delicate spinal tissues and on the spinal bones.
The electrodiagnostics showing axonal polyneuropatby and the spinal cord pathologic findings, which did not demonstrate focal loss of anterior-horn neurons, suggest a broader spectrum of the clinical-pathological syndrome of West Nile poliomyelitis than previously described (2,3).
The Alzheimer's patients had significantly less beta-amyloid peptide and more tau protein in their spinal fluid than people in the other three groups did, says study coauthor Christoph Hock of the University of Zurich.
What Are the Long-Term Outcomes of Surgical Treatment for Spinal Stenosis?
people who have lost movement and sensation in their arms and legs, due to spinal cord injuries.
The researchers, from Sweden and Taiwan, used several new techniques in getting the cut nerves to regrow across a gap created by slicing out part of the spinal cord.
Malec and Neimeyer (1983) have suggested that difficulties adjusting to spinal cord injury may lead to decreased quality of life, poor self care and costly multiple medical problems.
Spinal Surgery Devices Market to 2017 - Motion Preserving Spinal Non-Fusion Procedures to Drive Long Term Growth" provides key data, information and analysis on the global spinal surgery devices market.
The brain communicates with the body by sending out nerve impulses that flow down the spinal cord and its nerve roots, and a millisecond later, these impulses travel back up again to the brain.
Just a few years ago, though, researchers found signs that EPO is also made by cells in the brain and spinal cord.
Among the array of strategies being tested, the problem of bridging a gap in the spinal cord by grafting peripheral nerve helper cells (Schwann cells) into the site of injury has been a major interest of Miami Project researcher Mary Bartlett Bunge, Ph.
There was no feeling because when the bone burst, pieces of it flew like shrapnel into the delicate nerve tissue it normally surrounds and protects: the superhighway of communication between body and brain known as the spinal cord.