sphingomyelin


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Related to sphingomyelin: cerebroside, sphingolipid

sphingomyelin

 [sfing″go-mi´ĕ-lin]
a group of phospholipids that on hydrolysis yield phosphoric acid, choline, sphingosine, and a fatty acid.

sphingomyelin

/sphin·go·my·elin/ (-mi´ĕ-lin) any of the sphingolipids in which the head group is phosphorylated choline; they occur in membranes, primarily in nervous tissue, and accumulate abnormally in Niemann-Pick disease.

sphingomyelin

[sfing′gōmī′əlin]
Etymology: Gk, sphingein + myelos, marrow
any of a group of sphingolipids containing phosphorus. It occurs primarily in the tissue of the nervous system, generally in membranes, and in the lipids in the blood.

Niemann-Pick lipids

A generic term for phospholipids involved in lysosomal storage disease.

sphingomyelin

a group of phospholipids that on hydrolysis yield phosphoric acid, choline, sphingosine and a fatty acid.

sphingomyelin lipidosis
References in periodicals archive ?
The influence of sphingomyelin on the structure and function of reconstituted high density lipoproteins.
Preferential sphingosine-1-phosphate enrichment and sphingomyelin depletion are key features of small dense HDL3 particles: relevance to antiapoptotic and antioxidative activities.
The sphingomyelin (SM) pathway is a ubiquitous, evolutionarily conserved signalling system analogous to conventional systems such as the cAMP and phosphoinositide pathways.
22) found that this abundance of sphingomyelin diminished in parallel with a progressive increase in HDL density.
Time consuming measurement of LS ratios (lecithin to sphingomyelin ratios) in amniotic fluid often is replaced by simpler tests for fetal lung maturity.
To stabilize the lipid bilayer walls and retain active drug within the aqueous interior, this new generation liposomal technology uses sphingomyelin, a safe, biologically inert macromolecule whose amide backbone is resistant to hydrolysis.
Value of Amniotic Fluid Sphingomyelin Quantification in Fetuses with G1-a Gene Mutations of Unclear Significance
com/user/sssa/ 1,2,3,4,6 SOUQUES-CHARCOT SYNDROME See: Progeria SOUTH AFRICAN GENETIC PORPHYRIA See: Liver Disorder; Porphyria SPASMODIC DYSPHONIA See: Dystonia SPASMODIC TORTICOLLIS See: Dystonia SPASMODIC WRYNECK See: Dystonia SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA, FAMILIAR See: Ataxia SPEECH DISORDERS See: Aphasia; Apraxia; Stuttering SPHINGOMYELIN LIPIDOSIS See: Niemann-Pick Disease SPIELMEYER-VOGT DISEASE See: Batten Disease SPIELMEYER-VOGT-BATTEN SYNDROME See: Batten Disease SPINA BIFIDA See also: Amold-Chiari Malformation; Hydrocephalus; Incontinence; Latex Allergy Spina Bifida Association of America 4590 MacArthur Blvd.
Our previous observations indicate that [beta]-sitosterol induces a reduction in membrane sphingomyelin and an increase the ceramide levels in some tumor cells (von Holtz et al.
Cer is an intermediate in synthesis of glycosphingolipid, sphingomyelin, sphingosine, and Cer-1-P, compounds that are increasingly recognized as mediators of cellular processes.
com 1,2,3,6 SOUQUES-CHARCOT SYNDROME See: Progeria SOUTH AFRICAN GENETIC PORPHYRIA See: Liver Disorders; Porphyria SPASMODIC DYSPHONIA See: Dystonia SPASMODIC TORTICOLLIS See: Dystonia SPASMODIC WRYNECK See: Dystonia SPASTIC PARAPLEGIA, FAMILIAR See: Ataxia SPEECH DISORDERS See: Aphasia; Apraxia; Stuttering SPHINGOMYELIN LIPIDOSIS See: Niemann-Pick Disease SPIELMEYER-VOGT DISEASE See: Batten Disease SPIELMEYER-VOGT-BATTEN SYNDROME See: Batten Disease SPINA BIFIDA See also: Arnold-Chiari Malformation; Hydrocephalus; Incontinence; Latex Allergy Spina Bifida Association of America 4590 MacArthur Blvd.
Osada K, Nagira K, Teruya K, Tachibana H, Shirahata S, Murakami H (1994) Enhancement of interferon-[beta] production with sphingomyelin from fermented milk.