sphincter of Oddi


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sphincter

 [sfingk´ter]
a circular muscle that constricts a passage or closes a natural orifice. When relaxed, a sphincter allows materials to pass through the opening. When contracted, it closes the opening. Four main sphincter muscles along the alimentary canal aid in digestion: the cardiac sphincter, the pyloric sphincter, and two anal sphincters. Other sphincters are found in the iris of the eye, the bile duct (sphincter of Oddi), the urinary tract, and elsewhere.
anal sphincter (sphincter a´ni) either of two sphincters (the internal and external anal sphincters) that open and close to control evacuation of feces from the anus.
cardiac sphincter a sphincter between the esophagus and the stomach, opening at the approach of food that can then be swept into the stomach by rhythmic peristaltic waves.
sphincter of Oddi a sheath of muscle fibers investing the associated bile and pancreatic passages as they traverse the wall of the duodenum.
pyloric sphincter a sphincter at the opening from the stomach into the duodenum; it is usually closed, opening only for a moment when a peristaltic wave passes over it.
urinary sphincter, artificial a fluid-filled system that surrounds the urethra with a silicone cuff that functions as a sphincter; a pump is in the scrotum and a fluid reservoir is in the abdomen. For urination, the pump's release valve is squeezed to allow the fluid to leave the urethral cuff and return to the reservoir; after urination is complete, the pump is squeezed and the fluid returns to the cuff to occlude the urethra.

sphincter of Oddi

Etymology: Ruggero Oddi, Italian physician, 1864-1913
a sheath of muscle fibers surrounding the lower end of the common bile and pancreatic ducts as they cross the wall of the duodenum.

sphinc·ter of Od·di

(sfingk'tĕr od'ē)
A valvelike muscular sheath surrounding the distal pancreatic and common bile ducts as they enter the duodenum together.

sphincter of Oddi

The smooth muscle ring that surrounds the common bile duct at the point at which it enters the DUODENUM. (Ruggero Oddi, Italian physician, 1864–1913).

Oddi,

Ruggero, Italian physician, 1864-1913.
sphincter of Oddi - the smooth muscle sphincter of the hepatopancreatic ampulla within the duodenal papilla. Synonym(s): sphincter of hepatopancreatic ampulla

sphincter

a circular muscle that constricts a passage or closes a natural orifice. When relaxed, a sphincter allows materials to pass through the opening. When contracted, it closes the opening. The principal abnormalities relate to function. Failure to open may be because of spasm or achalasia, due usually to failure of parasympathetic nerve supply. Failure to close usually due to absence of sympathetic nerve supply. The important sphincters are the anal, ileal, pharyngoesophageal, pupillary, pyloric, reticulo-omasal, teat, urethral, vaginal and vesical.

cardiac sphincter
the functional sphincter at the gastric end of the esophagus.
sphincter control
is by the autonomic nervous system.
esophageal sphincter
see cardiac sphincter.
sphincter of Oddi
bile duct sphincter.
pupillary sphincter
a ring of smooth muscle around the pupillary border of the iris.
References in periodicals archive ?
63) After administration of morphine it is expected that the activity in the biliary tree will be intensifed as it accumulates proximal to the sphincter of Oddi.
It seems that the duodenal wall includes the duodenal mucosa, the submucosa, and the proper muscle layer, except for the duct units of the AoV and the surrounding sphincter of Oddi muscle layer.
Intragastric ethanol reduces sphincter of Oddi function in the anaesthetized Australian possum.
ECRP (Endoscopic Retrograde Cholangiopancreatography) - A long, narrow tube called an endoscope used to examine the pancreas, pancreatic duct, common bile duct, and/or sphincter of Oddi.
Demerol[R] used to be the drug of choice for pancreatitis since morphine was thought to cause spasm of the sphincter of Oddi, but recently this practice has been challenged (Krumberger, 1993; Ruth-Sahad, 1996).
Further studies have found that CBD stones patients have significantly more often diagnosed hypothyroidism than gall bladder stone patients or controls, which could be explained by the delayed emptying of the biliary tract, due to the lack of pro relaxing effect of T4 on the sphincter of oddi contractility.
The new labeling under the adverse events section states, "Voluntary reports of adverse events occurring with the use of Zelnorm include the following: ischemic colitis, mesenteric ischemia, gangrenous bowel, rectal bleeding, syncope, suspected sphincter of Oddi spasm, bile duct stone, and cholecystitis with elevated transaminases.
Freeman of the University of Minnesota Minneapolis, criticized the double-blind trial in an editorial, writing that diclofenac was not effective in the subgroup of patients with sphincter of Oddi dysfunction, "the very group of patients that is usually the most problematic.
Is endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography with sphincter of Oddi manometry indicated in patients with unexplained acute pancreatitis?

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