sphenopalatine artery


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sphe·no·pal·a·tine ar·ter·y

[TA]
origin, third part of maxillary; distribution, posterior portion of lateral nasal wall and septum; anastomoses, branches of descending palatine, superior labial, and infraorbital.
Synonym(s): arteria sphenopalatina [TA]

sphenopalatine artery

the largest vessel supplying the nasal cavity; the terminal branch of the maxillary artery in the pterygopalatine fossa.

sphe·no·pal·a·tine ar·te·ry

(sfēn'ō-pal'ă-tīn ahr'tĕr-ē) [TA]
Origin, third part of maxillary; distribution, posterior portion of lateral nasal wall and septum; anastomoses, branches of descending palatine, superior labial, and infraorbital.
Synonym(s): arteria sphenopalatina [TA] .

sphenopalatine artery

An end branch of the maxillary artery; it runs into the posterior nasal cavity and it also supplies blood to the frontal, maxillary, ethmoidal, and sphenoidal sinuses. Its branches include the posterior lateral nasal and posterior septal arteries, and it anastomoses with the ethmoidal, greater palatine, and superior labial arteries.
See also: artery
References in periodicals archive ?
Ligation of the anterior ethmoidal artery is commonly performed in patients with a history of trauma; in the absence of trauma, ligation of the sphenopalatine artery is often first considered.
Endoscopic sphenopalatine artery ligation is an effective method of treatment for posterior epistaxis.
Endoscopic ligation of the sphenopalatine artery lot refractory posterior epistaxis.
Outcome of endoscopic sphenopalatine artery occlusion for intractable epistaxis: A 10-year experience.
After repeated conservative nasal packing measures failed to stop the bleeding, we performed left sphenopalatine artery ligation.
We then performed left sphenopalatine artery ligation, and the bleeding ceased.
In 1992, Budrovich and Saetti were the first to report an endoscopic approach to ligation of the sphenopalatine artery.
Shorter hospital stays after early surgical intervention have been associated with sphenopalatine artery procedures.
Srinivasan et al compared transnasal endoscopic sphenopalatine artery diathermy with conventional approaches, including septoplasty, nasal packing, and external carotid artery ligation.