specificity of training principle

spe·ci·fic·i·ty of train·ing prin·ci·ple

(spes'i-fis'i-tē trān'ing prin'si-pĕl)
exercise science Concept that specific exercise elicits specific adaptations, creating specific training effects. The effects are most effectively induced by training the specific muscles energy systems involved.
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Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise, that classic compendium of much of the latest biomechanical and physiological research from the American College of Sports Medicine, published an analysis of the specificity of training principle that is worth noting.
While the specificity of training principle has been demonstrated in many studies over the years, very few have found no improvement in peak aerobic performance in those who resistance train concurrently with endurance training--but this study has supported just that finding.
This goes against the specificity of training principle as is relevant to getting the most out of your strength training workouts: muscle strength should have been significantly compromised by the CT regimen, and it wasn't.
If then your main goal is top racing speed and you do not mind losses in upper-body muscle strength, follow the traditional specificity of training principle and curb your strength training workouts during racing season.
This usual practice for the evaluation of all sports can be viewed as questionable because it infringes on the specificity of training principle (8).
While the specificity of training principle has been demonstrated in many studies over the years, only one has found no improvement in peak aerobic performance in those who resistance train concurrently with endurance training--until now.
This goes against the specificity of training principle as is relevant to getting the most out of your strength training workouts, and is good news for those whose focus is on distance racing well without sacrificing upper-body muscle strength.