antiserum

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antiserum

 [an´tĭ-se″rum]
1. a serum containing antibodies, such as one obtained from an animal that has been subjected to the action of antigen either by injection into the tissues or blood or by infection. See also immunity and immunization. Called also immune serum.
2. a reagent source of antibody, often sold commercially.

an·ti·se·rum

(an'tē-sē'rŭm),
Polyclonal serum that contains demonstrable antibody or antibodies specific for one (monovalent or specific antiserum) or more (polyvalent antiserum) antigens; may be prepared from the blood of animals inoculated with an antigenic material or from the blood of animals and people who have been stimulated by natural contact with an antigen (as in those who recover from an attack of disease).
Synonym(s): immune serum

antiserum

/an·ti·se·rum/ (an´tĭ-se″rum) a serum containing antibody(ies), obtained from an animal immunized either by injection of antigen or by infection with microorganisms containing antigen.

antiserum

(ăn′tĭ-sîr′əm)
n. pl. anti·serums or anti·sera (-sîr′ə)
Human or animal serum containing antibodies that are specific for one or more antigens.

antiserum

[an′tisir′əm] pl. antisera, antiserums
Etymology: Gk, anti + L, whey
the serum of an animal or human containing antibodies against a specific disease, used to confer passive immunity to that disease. Antisera do not provoke the production of antibodies. There are two types of antisera: antitoxin neutralizes the toxin produced by specific bacteria but does not kill the bacteria, and antimicrobial serum acts to destroy bacteria by making them more susceptible to leukocytic action. Polyvalent antiserum acts on more than one antigenic determinant; monovalent antiserum acts on only one. Antibiotic drugs have largely replaced antimicrobial antisera. Caution must always be used in the administration of all antisera, since hepatitis or hypersensitivity reactions can result. Also called immune serum. Compare vaccine.

antiserum

Immunology A serum that contains Igs against specified antigens, used therapeutically

an·ti·se·rum

(an'tē-sēr'ŭm)
Serum that contains antibody or antibodies specific for one or more antigens; may be prepared from the blood of animals inoculated with an antigenic material or from the blood of animals and people who have been stimulated by natural contact with an antigen (as by an attack of disease).
Synonym(s): immune serum.

antiserum

Animal or human blood serum which contains ANTIBODIES to infective organisms or to the TOXINS produced by organisms. The serum donor must previously have been infected with the organisms concerned.

antiserum

see SERUM.

antiserum

) antitoxin containing large quantities of ANTIBODIES to a specific ANTIGEN, which confers quick-acting ‘passive’ IMMUNITY when donated to an individual who may have been exposed to the antigen. For example, tetanus antiserum is injected after the possible entry of tetanus bacterium in an accident. Compare VACCINE.

antiserum

a serum containing antibodies. Obtained from an animal that has been exposed to antigen. Used in the prevention, treatment or diagnosis of infectious disease. See also immunity and immunization.
References in periodicals archive ?
7) described a specific antiserum raised against apoB-48 that was used by Lovegrove et al.
However, this strain could not be placed in a serogroup, even after specific antiserum (Remel, Lenexa, KS, USA) was used.
Isolates were identified as serogroup W135 by using specific antiserum (Remel, Lenexa, KS, USA) at provincial Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in China and confirmed at the Chinese CDC.

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