Symptoms of spasmodic
dysphonia generally develop gradually and with no obvious explanation.
Founded in 1989, the National Spasmodic
Dysphonia Association (NSDA) is dedicated to advancing medical research into the causes of and treatments for spasmodic
dysphonia (SD), promoting physician and public awareness of the disorder, and providing support to those affected by SD and their families.
Diagnosis of spasmodic
dysphonia is essentially clinical based on quality of voice.
dysphonia is far more common than the abductor type (10:1); (7)but rarely, patients may have both simultaneously (mixed laryngeal dystonia).
The most common form of spasmodic
dysphonia is the adductor type.
Botulinum toxin for treating spasmodic
dysphonia (laryngeal dystonia): a systematic Cochrane review.
Eventually, a specialist diagnosed Spasmodic
Dysphonia, telling Lianne there was no cure.
He never raced in England for Lister due to injury and returned to Ireland but made only spasmodic
appearances, racing ten times in all.
Longitudinal effects of BTX injections on voice-related quality of life (V-RQOL) for patients with adductory spasmodic
dysphonia: part ll.
An 1881 article in Scientific American looks forward to a day, made possible by the invention of the telegraph, when "science shall have so blended, interwoven, and unified human thoughts and interests that the feeling of universal kinship shall be, not a spasmodic
outburst of occasional emotion, but constant and controlling" (quoted in Marvin 199-200).
Hypnosis and Spasmodic
Torticollis--Report of Four Cases: A Brief Communication.
, extreme, improbably coordinated movement is both permeated and generated by speech; the text, like the dance, is refracted from one person to another.