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(1) The specific permanent record(s) upon which a user relies for the reconstruction and evaluation of a clinical investigation.
(2) Shorthand for source documents and/or source data, which are records planned (per protocol) or referenced as those providing the information underlying analyses and findings of a clinical investigation.


Vox populi The point from which a thing originates, arises, emanates, springs forth, hell, you get the picture. See Carbon source, Knowledge source.


1. The initiator of an epidemic disease, e.g., the patient who spreads an illness to others or the place from which an epidemic spreads (e.g., a food source, a source of contaminated water).
2. A reservoir or store house.
3. In technical and academic writing, the origin of a reference, quotation, or statistic.

Patient discussion about source

Q. what are the sources for high density lipoprotein? I have heard that high density lipoprotein is good for heart. What differences does it make in heart’s health and what are the sources for high density lipoprotein?

A. Hi Liam, it is very important that we have high density lipoprotein (HDL) in our body. The fact is that the HDL is formed inside the body. They are known as good cholesterol as they are famous for their protection for heart against the heart diseases. It has been found that Vitamin B3 or Niacin consumption increases the count of HDL. It’s good to cut on the diet having more of saturated fats and oils, which increases the chances of heart attack.

Q. It’s actually a real source of irritation to me. I can't stand. Any such experiences…. The cesarean incision done on my body is really sensitive. I avoid touching it. I try to wear clothes that come up over my scar line, and I hate it when my son steps on the area when we're playing. It’s actually a real source of irritation to me. I can't stand. Any such experiences….

A. I don't think I had sensitivity like you. As far as I can remember I was able to wear jeans once it healed. One thing that does set off the sensitivity for me is when my brother`s dog of the right height jumps on me and puts their claws over the area. I wish to know is that area sensitive or paining? Both make a lot of difference. Better consult with your physician.

Q. Is there any good source for heel pain relief, besides NSAIDs? My heel pain is most severe at night when I sleep. It's as if the way I position my feet worsen the condition, but I'm at a loss to know how to position my feet. During the day my heels feel so but don't typically bother me.

A. I have found that keeping my feet flexed (the position they are in when standing) helps ease the pain of plantar facitis. I also don't let my feet get cold(wear socks)and keep heavy blankets and quilts off the feet. Placing a box under the covers at the foot of the bed will help keep the blankets up. Do try the exercises recommended on the above web sites. It usually resolves in about 6 months. Best wishes!

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References in periodicals archive ?
Open source has been widely popular in Europe for years, with Spanish schools, French government agencies, and German municipalities adopting it enthusiastically.
One classic approach to maintaining the best business position for all this work is to minimize disclosure of the software source code.
An example of such integration might include atmospheric scientists and health scientists working together to better understand the kinds of PM emitted from a source category, changes in PM composition over time or geographical distance, and the health effects associated with exposure to different PM types.
Source Authentication achieves that goal by forcing e-mail to come from the real owner of the address that is in the "Return-Path:" portion of the e-mail header.
Each of these rel ationships can provide a unique source of career development support and opportunity for learning (Ibarra, 1993).
There has been a great deal of interest in the development of a stable, spectrally tunable, radiometric source for a variety of photometric, colorimetric and radiometric programs.
Under sections 863(d) and (e), the source of income is determined generally with reference to the residence of the taxpayer.
last week formally introduced SourceForge - a major "Open Source" initiative that will provide over 700 open source development projects with extensive hosting and communication resources.
According to Wayne Welter, Chief Executive Officer of First National Bank, Valparaiso, "It is important to us that 1st Source is motivated to strengthen its presence in our market and not in just acquiring additional banking assets.
Open source--whose better-known implementations include the Linux operating system, the Apache webserver and the OpenOffice desktop suite--ships with complete source code and is freely copyable and redistributable.
The source of income arising from cross-border transactions is critically important to U.