# absorption coefficient

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Related to sound absorption coefficient: Noise Reduction Coefficient

## coefficient

[ko″ĕ-fish´ent]**1.**an expression of the change or effect produced by the variation in certain variables, or of the ratio between two different quantities.

**2.**in chemistry, a number or figure put before a chemical formula to indicate how many times the formula is to be multiplied.

**absorption coefficient**absorptivity.

**Bunsen coefficient**the number of milliliters of gas dissolved in a milliliter of liquid at atmospheric pressure (760 mm Hg) and a specified temperature. Symbol, α.

**confidence coefficient**the probability that a confidence interval will contain the true value of the population parameter. For example, if the confidence coefficient is 0.95, 95 per cent of the confidence intervals so calculated for a large number of random samples would contain the parameter.

**correlation coefficient**a numerical value that indicates the degree and direction of relationship between two variables; the coefficients range in value from +1.00 (perfect positive relationship) to 0.00 (no relationship) to −1.00 (perfect negative or inverse relationship).

**diffusion coefficient**see diffusion coefficient.

**coefficient of digestibility**the proportion of a food that is digested compared to what is absorbed, expressed as a percentage.

**dilution coefficient**a number that expresses the effectiveness of a disinfectant for a given organism. It is calculated by the equation

*tc*=

^{n}*k*, where

*t*is the time required for killing all organisms,

*c*is the concentration of disinfectant,

*n*is the dilution coefficient, and

*k*is a constant. A low coefficient indicates the disinfectant is effective at a low concentration.

**linear absorption coefficient**the fraction of a beam of radiation absorbed per unit thickness of absorber.

**mass absorption coefficient**the linear absorption coefficient divided by the density of the absorber.

**phenol coefficient**see phenol coefficient.

**sedimentation coefficient**the velocity at which a particle sediments in a centrifuge divided by the applied centrifugal field, the result having units of time (velocity divided by acceleration), usually expressed in Svedberg units (S), which equal 10

^{−13}second. Sedimentation coefficients are used to characterize the size of macromolecules; they increase with increasing mass and density and are higher for globular than for fibrous particles.

## ab·sorp·tion co·ef·fi·cient

**1.**the milliliters of a gas at standard temperature and pressure that will saturate 100 mL of liquid;

**2.**the amount of light absorbed in passing through 1 cm of a 1 molar solution of a given substance, expressed as a constant in Beer-Lambert law; Compare: specific absorption coefficient.

**3.**a measure of the rate of decrease of intensity of an x-ray beam in its passage through a substance, resulting from a combination of scattering and conversion to other forms of energy.

## absorption coefficient

the factor by which the intensity of electromagnetic energy decreases as it interacts with a unit thickness of an absorbing material. It is usually expressed per unit thickness.

## Absorption Coefficient

Chemistry The amount, in millilitres (mls), of a gas at a standard temperature and pressure that saturates 100 mls of a liquid.Physics Wave absorption The amount of energy lost due to scattering—e.g., Compton effect—and conversion to other forms of energy as a wave travels a unit distance.

## ab·sorp·tion co·ef·fi·cient

(ăb-sōrp'shŭn kō-ĕ-fish'ĕnt)**1.**The milliliters of a gas at standard temperature and pressure that will saturate 100 mL of liquid.

**2.**The amount of light absorbed in passing through 1 cm of a 1 molar solution of a given substance, expressed as a constant in Beer-Lambert law.

**3.**radiology A measure of the rate of decrease of intensity of a beam in its passage through matter, resulting from a combination of scattering and conversion to other forms of energy.

See also: attenuation

## ab·sorp·tion co·ef·fi·cient

(ab-sōrp'shŭn kō-ĕ-fish'ĕnt)**1.**The milliliters of a gas at standard temperature and pressure that will saturate 100 mL of liquid.

**2.**The amount of light absorbed in passing through 1 cm of a 1 molar solution of a given substance, expressed as a constant in Beer-Lambert law.

**3.**radiology a measure of the rate of decrease of intensity of a beam in its passage through matter, resulting from a combination of scattering and conversion to other forms of energy.

See also: attenuation

## coefficient

1. an expression of the change or effect produced by the variation in certain factors, or of the ratio between two different quantities.

2. in chemistry, a number or figure put before a chemical formula to indicate how many times the formula is to be multiplied.

**absorption coefficient**

1. the fraction of a beam of radiation that is absorbed in passing through a unit length of absorbing material.

2. a number indicating the volume of a gas absorbed by a unit volume of a liquid at 32°F (0°C) and at a pressure of 760 mmHg.

**alienation coefficient**

a measure of the

*lack*of association between two variables. Called also the coefficient of nondetermination.**Bunsen coefficient**

see absorption coefficient (2) (above).

**contingency coefficient**

a measure of association between qualitative assessments of two variables.

**correlation coefficient**

a measure of association which indicates the degree to which two or more sets of observations fit a linear relationship. Denoted by 'r', it can vary from −1.0 to 1.0.

**determination coefficient**

the coefficient of determination is the square of the correlation coefficient (r

^{2}). It describes the proportion of the variation of one of the correlated variables, explainable by the variation of the other variable. The value of the coefficient must lie between 0 and 1.**digestibility coefficient**

percentage of the food ingested that is absorbed.

**disarray coefficient**

the measure of the degree of discord between two variables.

**friction coefficient**

the effect that the material in a surface has on the frictional force created by the application of a force to the surface: S = f × N, where S = friction, f = friction coefficient, N = reaction to the vertical application of a given force. In a normal joint the f value is very small (0.008).

**coefficient of nondetermination**

see alienation coefficient.

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