sorbitol


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Related to sorbitol: xylitol, mannitol, aspartame

sorbitol

 [sor´bĭ-tol]
a six-carbon sugar alcohol from a variety of fruits, found in lens deposits in diabetes mellitus. A pharmaceutical preparation is used as a sweetening agent and osmotic laxative, and in drugs as a tablet excipient, moistening agent, and stabilizer.

sor·bi·tol

(sōr'bi-tol),
A reduction product of glucose and sorbose found in the berries of the rowan/mountain ash, Sorbus aucuparia (family Rosaceae), and in many fruits and seaweeds. It has many industrial and pharmaceutical uses; medicinally, it is used as a laxative and as a sweetening agent, and is almost completely metabolized (to CO2 and H2O); accumulates in Type 1 diabetes mellitus; elevated levels can cause osmotic damage.
Synonym(s): sorbite

sorbitol

/sor·bi·tol/ (sor´bĭ-tol) a six-carbon sugar alcohol from a variety of fruits, found in lens deposits in diabetes mellitus. A pharmaceutical preparation is used as a sweetening agent and osmotic laxative, and in drugs as a tablet excipient, humectant, and stabilizer.

sorbitol

(sôr′bĭ-tôl′, -tōl′, -tŏl′)
n.
A white, sweetish, crystalline alcohol, C6H8(OH)6, found in various berries and fruits or prepared synthetically and used as a flavoring agent, a sugar substitute for people with diabetes, and a moisturizer in cosmetics and other products.

sorbitol

A polyhydroxyl alcohol or polyol synthesized from glucose by aldose reductase in neural tissue, produced in excess in DM; sorbitol may be further metabolized to fructose, which together cause ↑ osmotic pressure, intracellular edema, Schwann cell swelling, anoxia and nerve demyelination; it has been implicated in diabetic neuropathy; it has been used as an artificial sweetener. Cf Advanced glycosylation endproducts.

sor·bi·tol

(sōr'bi-tol)
Reduction product in many fruits and seaweeds that has many industrial and pharmaceutical uses; used as a laxative and as a sweetening agent.

sorbitol

A sweetening agent derived from glucose.

sor·bi·tol

(sōr'bi-tol)
Reduction product of glucose and sorbose found in the berries of rowan/mountain ash, Sorbus aucuparia, and in many other fruits and seaweeds. Has many industrial and pharmaceutical uses.

sorbitol

a sugar alcohol found in various berries and fruits; in mammals, sorbitol is an intermediate in the conversion of glucose to fructose. It is found in lens deposits in diabetes mellitus. A 50% solution is used as an osmotic diuretic. Sorbitol is used as a sweetener in some dietetic foods; it has the same caloric value as other sugars.

sorbitol dehydrogenase
called also SDH; see l-iditol dehydrogenase (ID).
References in periodicals archive ?
IMARC's new report entitled "Global Sorbitol Market Report & Forecast: 2015 - 2020" provides an analytical and statistical insight into the global sorbitol market.
For international and China market analysis, the report analyzes Sorbitol Market in China and other countries or regions (such as US, Europe, Japan, etc) by presenting research on global products of different types and applications, developments and trends of market, technology, and competitive landscape, and leading suppliers and countries' 2009-2014 capacity, production, cost, price, profit, production value, and gross margin.
Researchers found that erythritol slowed the development of cavities and reduced the need for dentist intervention as compared to sorbitol and xylitol.
2) Nonstandard abbreviations: STEC, shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli; SMAC, MacConkey agar with sorbitol.
The mothers with high counts of salivary MS (>105 colony forming units; n= 184) were randomly assigned into three experimental groups (A, B, C) and instructed to chew one piece of chewing gum three times daily, containing combinations of xylitol, sorbitol, chlorhexidine and fluoride as detailed below.
Significantly longest shoots were obtained at 1 and 2 mM P in absence of sorbitol or at 25 mM sorbitol (Table 1).
Sorini is the world's largest producer of sorbitol.
However, in sucrose medium, it synthesizes several products such as sorbitol, gluconic acid, levan and fructo-oligosaccharide (VIIKARI, 1984).
The company mainly manufactures corn starch, oral glucose, inositol and sorbitol.
coli 0157 culture, including modified Tryptone Soy Broth (mTSB), Sorbitol MacConkey Agar (SMAC) and Cefixime Tellurite MacConkey Agar (CT-SMAC), selective differential media for the isolation of E.
So the aim of research by Mexican scientists was to evaluate the effect of a sodium caseinate-based edible coating plasticized with sorbitol or glycerol on the physicochemical and textural properties of blackberry fruit (Rubus ulmifolius).