somatization disorder


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to somatization disorder: conversion disorder, borderline personality disorder, somatoform disorder, Pain disorder

somatization

 [so″mah-tĭ-za´shun]
in psychiatry, the conversion of mental experiences or states into bodily symptoms.
somatization disorder a somatoform disorder characterized by multiple vague, recurring somatic complaints that cannot be fully explained by any known general medical condition or the direct effect of a chemical substance, but are not intentionally feigned or produced; it usually begins before age 30 and persists for several years. The patient may simply complain of being ill or may have specific symptoms, but the complaints will include a combination of at least multiple pain symptoms, multiple gastrointestinal symptoms, a sexual symptom, and a neurological symptom. Typical complaints include double vision, fainting, abdominal pain, bowel problems, painful menstruation, and sexual indifference. The complaints are often presented in a dramatic and exaggerated manner, but the patient is vague about their exact nature. The patient may visit many health care providers, sometimes several simultaneously, and undergo numerous diagnostic procedures, unnecessary treatments, and even surgery. Most such patients are anxious and depressed and have difficulty in personal relationships; many have traits of histrionic personality disorder. They are seldom free of symptoms in spite of frequent medical attention; in fact, the repeated, unnecessary diagnostic procedures or surgery may only add to their suffering. The outlook for these patients is poor. Called also Briquet's syndrome.

so·ma·ti·za·tion dis·or·der

1. a mental disorder characterized by presentation of a complicated medical history and of physical symptoms referring to a variety of organ systems, but without a detectable or known organic basis.
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.

somatization disorder

n.
A psychiatric disorder marked by multiple, recurring, or persistent physical complaints that have no identifiable causes. No longer in clinical use.

somatization disorder

Etymology: Gk, soma + izein, to cause
a DSM-IV psychiatric disorder characterized by recurrent multiple physical complaints and symptoms for which there is no organic cause. It is classified as a somatoform disorder in DSM-IV. The condition typically begins in adolescence or in the early adult years and is less common in men. The symptoms vary according to the individual and the underlying emotional conflict. Some common symptoms are GI dysfunction, paralysis, temporary blindness, cardiopulmonary distress, painful or irregular menstruation, sexual indifference, and pain during intercourse. Hypochondriasis may develop if the condition is untreated. Also called Briquet's syndrome. See also conversion disorder.

somatization disorder

Psychiatry A chronic disorder that begins before age 30, more in ♀, characterized by multiple and recurrent Sx and complaints of various body systems, for which the Pt regularly seeks medical attention for unexplained somatic complaints; Sx suggesting organ dysfunction(s) but not supported by lab data or clinical findings, are often vague, don't appear to be voluntary and may fulfill a psychological need Clinical Sx are severe enough to lead to visits to health professionals, require medication, or interfere with living; Sx begin or worsen after stress–eg, loss of job, close relative, or friend; Pts believe themselves to be sickly, have pseudoneuralgias–visual defects, dysphagia, voice loss, urinary retention, convulsions, seizures, GI Sx–colicky pain, N&V, dysmenorrhea, ↓ libido, pain–low back, genitalia, joints, cardiopulmonary Sx–eg, dyspnea, palpitations, chest pain; SD results from psychological, behavioral, interpersonal, and social factors, making treatment complex and multimodal. Cf Factitious diseases, Hypochondriasis.

so·ma·ti·za·tion dis·or·der

(sō'mă-tī-zā'shŭn dis-ōr'dĕr)
A mental disorder characterized by presentation of a complicated medical history and of physical symptoms referring to a variety of organ systems, but without a detectable or known organic basis.
See also: conversion, hysteria, conversion disorder

somatization disorder

The current term for HYSTERIA, adopted as a euphemism.

Patient discussion about somatization disorder

Q. Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? If not what else may be the factor? If it did not seem to be that you were actually losing your vision and that you needed glasses.

A. Depression may be part of a wider problem. Perhps stress headaches or migraine headaches or something like that is causing the vision problem. Tension will cause your muscles to lock up. Some of the tension headaches I have had made me think I was not seeing so good. It was like a pain all the way around and across the top of my nead. My doctor readily recognized that symptom and gave me a presscription for them, and it has worked well on them, something called Dolgic.

More discussions about somatization disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
Complex Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder presenting as Somatization Disorder.
6 of the 9 patients with the leading diagnosis somatization disorder also suffered from neurasthenia or PSD.
51) According to the findings published in the DSM-IV-TR, the lifetime prevalence rates for somatization disorder range from 0.
Somatization disorder patients can also present with sensorimotor symptoms, but the complaints tend to include pain and sexual dysfunction which are not commonly seen in conversion disorders, and the symptoms involve multiple organ systems.
The fourth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV) lists five specific somatoform disorders: (1) somatization disorders, which are characterized by many physical complaints that affect many organ systems, (2) hypochondrias, which are characterized by a belief by the patient that some specific disease exists, (3) body dysmorphic disorder, which is characterized by a false or exaggerated belief that some body part is defective, (4) pain disorder, which is characterized by pain that is solely related to or significantly exaggerated by psychological factors, and (5) conversion disorder, which is characterized by one or more neurologic complaints (e.
From 50% to 70% of patients with CFS fulfill operational criteria for a psychiatric disorder: most commonly depression, followed by anxiety and somatization disorder (Farrar et al.
Individuals suffering from schizophrenia, manic depression, and somatization disorder (multiple physical complaints associated with no biological cause) proved most likely to receive some type of mental-health treatment.
These are eating disorders (22,23,24), conversion disorder (25,26), somatization disorder (27), personality disorders (28,29), panic disorder (30), alcohol dependency (31,32), obsessive compulsive disorder (33), and PTSD (34); whereas dissociation is the core feature of the dissociative disorders (35,36,37).
Hypnotherapy and an Alter Personality: A Case of Somatization Disorder.
When investigators revisited patients who had somatization disorder in one study, they found less than a quarter had somatization a year later.
The body of literature previously discussed seems to support a relatively high incidence of somatization disorder, dramatic and dysfunctional behaviors, mental illness, various medical diseases, and challenging health care needs in patients with a history of abuse.