somatization


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Related to somatization: somatization disorder, conversion disorder

somatization

 [so″mah-tĭ-za´shun]
in psychiatry, the conversion of mental experiences or states into bodily symptoms.
somatization disorder a somatoform disorder characterized by multiple vague, recurring somatic complaints that cannot be fully explained by any known general medical condition or the direct effect of a chemical substance, but are not intentionally feigned or produced; it usually begins before age 30 and persists for several years. The patient may simply complain of being ill or may have specific symptoms, but the complaints will include a combination of at least multiple pain symptoms, multiple gastrointestinal symptoms, a sexual symptom, and a neurological symptom. Typical complaints include double vision, fainting, abdominal pain, bowel problems, painful menstruation, and sexual indifference. The complaints are often presented in a dramatic and exaggerated manner, but the patient is vague about their exact nature. The patient may visit many health care providers, sometimes several simultaneously, and undergo numerous diagnostic procedures, unnecessary treatments, and even surgery. Most such patients are anxious and depressed and have difficulty in personal relationships; many have traits of histrionic personality disorder. They are seldom free of symptoms in spite of frequent medical attention; in fact, the repeated, unnecessary diagnostic procedures or surgery may only add to their suffering. The outlook for these patients is poor. Called also Briquet's syndrome.

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'ma-ti-zā'shŭn),
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; for example, the expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or a wish for material gain associated with a legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need.
See also: somatization disorder.

somatization

/so·ma·ti·za·tion/ (so″mah-tĭ-za´shun) the conversion of mental experiences or states into bodily symptoms.

somatization

(sō′mə-tĭ-zā′shən)
n.
The presentation of physical symptoms that cannot be fully explained by the presence of a medical condition, often associated with stress, anxiety, or other psychological factors.

somatization

[sō′mətīzā′shən]
Etymology: Gk, soma, body
a process whereby a mental event is expressed in a body disorder or physical symptom. Examples include peptic ulcers and asthma. See also conversion.

somatization

Psychology A multifactorial tendency to experience and report somatic Sx with no pathophysiologic cause

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'mă-tī-zā'shŭn)
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms.
See also: somatization disorder

Somatization

Anxiety converted into physical symptoms. Somatization is a sign of panic disorder.
Mentioned in: Palpitations

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'mă-tī-zā'shŭn)
Process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; e.g., expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or by a wish for material gain associated with legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need.

Patient discussion about somatization

Q. Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? If not what else may be the factor? If it did not seem to be that you were actually losing your vision and that you needed glasses.

A. Depression may be part of a wider problem. Perhps stress headaches or migraine headaches or something like that is causing the vision problem. Tension will cause your muscles to lock up. Some of the tension headaches I have had made me think I was not seeing so good. It was like a pain all the way around and across the top of my nead. My doctor readily recognized that symptom and gave me a presscription for them, and it has worked well on them, something called Dolgic.

More discussions about somatization
References in periodicals archive ?
Dissociation, somatization, and affect dysregulation: the complexity of adaptation of trauma.
Stoic Overachiever persona, Angry Black woman persona, somatization, emotional overeating, compulsive over-spending, compulsive drive to make oneself over.
clinical problems not explained by inflammation or damage--often fibromyalgia, but other chronic pain or somatization syndromes as well (Fig.
Compared to individuals in the population, patients on waiting lists reported more psychosocial distress on all the investigated symptom dimensions and, in particular, on depression, obsessive compulsive, anxiety, somatization, phobic anxiety, social distrust, and insecurity symptoms.
Several factors associated with resilience within a cultural context are discussed in this section, including emotion regulation, somatization, locus of control, self-enhancement, dissociation, family/community support, and rituals/ceremonies.
It was hypothesized, based on this and other prior research, that women would demonstrate a higher prevalence of symptoms consistent with depression, somatization, and anxiety (Johnson et al.
Some topics explored include the paradox of fusion and disconnectedness, somatization, and paranoid ideas in delusion formation.
Other more unusual causes of abdominal pain include a type of emotional upset called somatization disorder, reflected as physical discomfort (including recurrent abdominal pain).
2011) in relation to neurasthenia, post-traumatic stress disorder (PSD) and somatization disorder.
In comparison with Group-2, BSI somatization scores in Group-1 patients, depression, anxiety, and symptoms total index scores in Group-3 patients were found to be significantly higher.
Based on the CAPES data, although acculturation was not found to be a significant predictor of depression or somatization, depression was connected to lack of cultural and family support (Hwang & Myers, 2007; Mak & Zane, 2004).
It also found a relationship between chance locus of control and depression, obsessive-compulsion and somatization (20).