somatization


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Related to somatization: somatization disorder, conversion disorder

somatization

 [so″mah-tĭ-za´shun]
in psychiatry, the conversion of mental experiences or states into bodily symptoms.
somatization disorder a somatoform disorder characterized by multiple vague, recurring somatic complaints that cannot be fully explained by any known general medical condition or the direct effect of a chemical substance, but are not intentionally feigned or produced; it usually begins before age 30 and persists for several years. The patient may simply complain of being ill or may have specific symptoms, but the complaints will include a combination of at least multiple pain symptoms, multiple gastrointestinal symptoms, a sexual symptom, and a neurological symptom. Typical complaints include double vision, fainting, abdominal pain, bowel problems, painful menstruation, and sexual indifference. The complaints are often presented in a dramatic and exaggerated manner, but the patient is vague about their exact nature. The patient may visit many health care providers, sometimes several simultaneously, and undergo numerous diagnostic procedures, unnecessary treatments, and even surgery. Most such patients are anxious and depressed and have difficulty in personal relationships; many have traits of histrionic personality disorder. They are seldom free of symptoms in spite of frequent medical attention; in fact, the repeated, unnecessary diagnostic procedures or surgery may only add to their suffering. The outlook for these patients is poor. Called also Briquet's syndrome.

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'ma-ti-zā'shŭn),
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; for example, the expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or a wish for material gain associated with a legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need.
See also: somatization disorder.

somatization

/so·ma·ti·za·tion/ (so″mah-tĭ-za´shun) the conversion of mental experiences or states into bodily symptoms.

somatization

(sō′mə-tĭ-zā′shən)
n.
The presentation of physical symptoms that cannot be fully explained by the presence of a medical condition, often associated with stress, anxiety, or other psychological factors.

somatization

[sō′mətīzā′shən]
Etymology: Gk, soma, body
a process whereby a mental event is expressed in a body disorder or physical symptom. Examples include peptic ulcers and asthma. See also conversion.

somatization

Psychology A multifactorial tendency to experience and report somatic Sx with no pathophysiologic cause

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'mă-tī-zā'shŭn)
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms.
See also: somatization disorder

Somatization

Anxiety converted into physical symptoms. Somatization is a sign of panic disorder.
Mentioned in: Palpitations

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'mă-tī-zā'shŭn)
Process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; e.g., expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or by a wish for material gain associated with legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need.

Patient discussion about somatization

Q. Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? If not what else may be the factor? If it did not seem to be that you were actually losing your vision and that you needed glasses.

A. Depression may be part of a wider problem. Perhps stress headaches or migraine headaches or something like that is causing the vision problem. Tension will cause your muscles to lock up. Some of the tension headaches I have had made me think I was not seeing so good. It was like a pain all the way around and across the top of my nead. My doctor readily recognized that symptom and gave me a presscription for them, and it has worked well on them, something called Dolgic.

More discussions about somatization
References in periodicals archive ?
Specifically, Somatization was significantly correlated with the BSI Somatization scale (.
Although somatization had the second highest mean score as shown in Table I, it was the least frequent psychological symptom reported by the respondents.
Component of LAMBDAI Coefficient F df sig mental health VILKEZ Somatization 1/000 0/02 3 0/99 disorder Anxiety and sleep 0/99 0/40 3 0/74 disorders Social 0/96 2/70 3 0/04 dysfunction Depression 0/36 15/27 3 0/001 Component of Rate Power mental health Subscription Statistical Somatization 0/0001 0/05 disorder Anxiety and sleep 0/0006 0/13 disorders Social 0/13 0/82 dysfunction Depression 0/63 0/99 Table 2: Results of multiple regression analysis between each of the psychological components of emotional commitment.
A significant gender difference was identified for only the somatization scale, and the effect size of gender was very small, F(1, 241) = 9.
The results yielded some significant differences on the subscales for the variables of attitude to teacher, atypicality, locus of control, somatization, social stress, anxiety, depression, inadequacy, self-esteem and clinical problems.
SOMS-7 is a 53 items scale that provides rating of symptoms' severity of Somatization Disorder on five-point Likert scale ranges from not at all (0) to very severe (4) (Rief and Hiller, 2003).
Also, pretreatment somatization was found to be related to greater cannabis use at follow-up.
Somatization and the recognition of depression and anxiety in primary care.
Somatization disorders: diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis.
In the western culture it has been observed that somatization tends to be more prevalent in lower socioeconomic groups of the society1.
Tanveer Nasr, Principal Clinical Psychologist, Mayo Hospital discussed the psychological aspects of management of somatization in children and adolescents.
The instrument is divided into three subscales: Somatization (SOM [6 items, i.