solvent


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Related to solvent: Solvent extraction, Polar solvent

solvent

 [sol´vent]
1. capable of dissolving other material.
2. the substance, usually a liquid, in which another substance (the solute) is dissolved to form a solution.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt),
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, that is, dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent

/sol·vent/ (sol´vent)
1. dissolving; effecting a solution.
2. a substance, usually a liquid, that dissolves or is capable of dissolving; the component of a solution present in greater amount.

solvent

[sol′vənt]
Etymology: L, solvere, to dissolve
1 any liquid in which another substance can be dissolved.
2
Usage notes: (informal)
an organic liquid, such as benzene, carbon tetrachloride, and other volatile petroleum distillates, that when inhaled can cause intoxication as well as damage to mucous membranes of the nose and throat and the tissues of the kidney, liver, and brain. Repeated, prolonged exposure can result in addiction, brain damage, blindness, and other serious consequences, some of them fatal. See also benzene poisoning, carbon tetrachloride poisoning, glue sniffing, petroleum distillate poisoning.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt)
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, i.e., dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent

a liquid in which another substance (a SOLUTE) may be dissolved to form a solution; the solvent is the larger part of the solution.

solvent

agent that dissolves fats or greases, e.g. alcohol, acetone, ethyl acetate, ether

solvent,

n a dissolving agent of a solution.

sol·vent

(sol'vĕnt)
A liquid that holds another substance in solution, i.e., dissolves it.
[L. solvens, pres. p. of solvo, to dissolve]

solvent,

n a substance capable of or used in dissolving or dispersing one or more other substances; a liquid component of a solution present in greater amount than the solute.

solvent

1. capable of dissolving other material.
2. the liquid in which another substance (the solute) is dissolved to form a solution.

solvent drag
transfer of solutes across the intestinal wall by being carried along with the water flow driven by osmotic gradients across cell membranes.
solvent extraction of oil seeds
the oil is extracted by organic solvents, a modern process largely displacing extraction by pressure. The resulting cake or meal may be toxic, e.g. trichloroethylene extracted soybean meal.
solvent poisoning
cases of poisoning may be due to the solvent used in a medication, especially when these are petroleum products, as they are in many insecticide preparations.
References in periodicals archive ?
Despite production issues, the increasing number of regulations dictating the need for environment-friendly alternatives to petroleum feedstock-based solvents will fuel advancements in cost-efficient biochemical production technologies, said TechVision Senior Research Analyst Isaac Premsingh.
The present study introduces a nonvolatile twist-gel spinning process that is relatively nontoxic and nonflammable with minimal generation of solvent by-product while simultaneously increasing the process efficiency.
In this study a simple and widely used test tube-based procedure was used that involves solvent swelling of a powdered sample with swollen sample centrifugation.
Genklene from ICI and Chlorothene from Dow Chemicals, both of which were based on another chlorinated solvent 1.
Odor is an important property of a solvent in a negative sense.
The Green Solvents and Bio Solvents market is also classified based on different applications.
We found that laboratory workers who had worked with solvents had more than double of the rate of severe RP and have published the survey in the Journal of Rheumatology (3).
In the last 20 years there has been a perception that the problem of solvent abuse has gone away because people having problems with harder drugs have been in the news,' she said.
The group found that spiking the organic solvent with the alcohol 2-butanol "more efficiently pulls HMF up to the organic layer where you want it to be," Dumesic adds.
Rosenberg conduct to find effective ways of treating solvent abusers?
Finishing: A lovely wax finish can be made by mixing equal parts melted beeswax, boiled linseed oil, and a citrus-based natural solvent, like Citra-solve[R].