solar retinopathy

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A macular burn from excessive exposure to sunlight or other intense light (for example, the flash of a short circuit); characterized subjectively by reduced visual acuity.
See also: solar maculopathy.
[photo- + retina, + G. pathos, suffering]

solar retinopathy

solar retinopathy

Pathological changes in the retina after looking directly at the sun. This condition is seen frequently following an eclipse of the sun. Synonym: eclipse retinopathy
See: scotoma, eclipse
See also: retinopathy


1. Spatial display of a complex radiation produced by separation of its monochromatic components.
2. Composition of a complex radiation, e.g. continuous spectrum, line spectrum (CIE). Plural: spectra. See light.
absorption spectrum The curve representing the relative absorption of a pigment or chemical substance as a function of the wavelength of light. Example: the absorption spectrum of rhodopsin. Syn. absorbance spectrum.
action spectrum A graphical representation of the relative energy necessary to produce a constant biological effect. Example: frequency of action potentials in a ganglion cell as a function of wavelength.
continuous spectrum A spectrum in which, over a considerable range, all wavelengths exist without any abrupt variation in intensity. Example: the spectrum of hot solids. See filament lamp.
electromagnetic spectrum The total range of all electromagnetic waves. It extends from the longest radio waves of some thousands of metres in wavelength through radar, microwave, infrared rays, visible rays (between wavelengths 780nm and 380nm) to ultraviolet rays, X-rays, gamma rays and cosmic rays with wavelengths as short as 8 ✕ 10−12mm. All these electromagnetic waves differ only in frequency (and wavelength) but have the same speed as light in a vacuum.
equal energy spectrum Spectrum in which all wavelengths have about the same amount of energy. See achromatic; white light.
fortification spectrum See scintillating scotoma.
invisible spectrum The portions of the entire electromagnetic spectrum that are made up of radiations other than those of the visible spectrum.
line spectrum Spectrum consisting of a series of discrete monochromatic lines (or narrow bands of monochromatic light) with large intensity differences and separated by intervals without radiations. Example: the spectrum emitted by an electric discharge through a gas or vapour under low pressure.
spectrum locus The representation of the spectral colour stimuli on a chromaticity diagram.
solar spectrum The spectrum formed by sunlight. It is crossed at intervals by Fraunhofer's lines.
visible spectrum The portion of the electromagnetic spectrum that can be perceived by the visual system. It is composed of radiations of wavelengths in the range between 380nm and 780nm in younger eyes. This range decreases with age especially due to lens absorption of short wavelengths becoming closer to 420nm than 380nm. See light.

Table S4 Approximate values of the velocity, frequency and wavelength of electromagnetic radiations in a vacuum (the values represent a point within a range of radiations)
radiationvelocity (m/s)frequency (Hz)(m)(nm)
AM radio3 ✕ 108 1 ✕ 106 3 ✕ 1023 ✕ 1011
television3 ✕ 108 1 ✕ 108 33 ✕ 109
radar3 ✕ 108 1 ✕ 109 3 ✕ 10−13 ✕ 108
microwave3 ✕ 108 1 ✕ 1010 3 ✕ 10−23 ✕ 107
thermal infrared3 ✕ 108 1 ✕ 1013 3 ✕ 10−53 ✕ 104
near infrared3 ✕ 108 1 ✕ 1014 3 ✕ 10−63000
red3 ✕ 1083.94 ✕ 10147.6 ✕ 10−7760
yellow3 ✕ 1085.45 ✕ 10145.5 ✕ 10−7550
violet3 ✕ 1087.50 ✕ 10144.0 ✕ 10−7400
ultraviolet3 ✕ 108 1 ✕ 1016 3 ✕ 10−830
X-rays3 ✕ 108 1 ✕ 1018 3 ✕ 10−100.3
gamma rays3 ✕ 108 1 ✕ 1021 3 ✕ 10−130.0003