sodium thiopental


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sodium thiopental

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A series of BuzzFeed News investigations revealed that at least three states paid Harris Pharma, a mysterious company in India run by a man with no pharmaceutical background, to ship sodium thiopental to them, despite a U.
67) Other states have switched from requiring sodium thiopental to requiring pentobarbital or propofol.
Texas' main argument is that the sodium thiopental should be exempt from the FDA's new-drug approval process because the vials were not labeled to "prescribe, recommend, or suggest any conditions of use" for the drug - they are to be used solely in executions.
cases because: (1) recovery was more rapid and "clear" when compared to sodium thiopental inductions; and because (2) sodium thiopental manufacture had been significantly curtailed or halted worldwide due to its use in lethal drug injections in the U.
the sole American manufacturer of sodium thiopental but whose plant is located in Italy, stated that it would no longer produce the drug after Italian authorities indicated it would not permit exportation of the drug if used for capital punishment.
As mentioned above, the European Union has implemented measures that regulate the export of drugs commonly associated with lethal injections, such as sodium thiopental and pentobarbital.
In 2011, the sole manufacturer of sodium thiopental tried to transfer production of the drug to Europe.
In 2001, the first of three drugs used in the lethal injection cocktail, sodium thiopental, was discontinued by the only FDA-approved manufacturer of the drug, Hospira.
The use of pentobarbital in lethal executions has become increasingly common since sodium thiopental, the drug historically used as an anesthetic, became unavailable in 2011 after the manufacturer stopped supplying it for executions.
Traditionally, lethal injection has been carried out with a cocktail of three drugs – sodium thiopental which knocks the victim unconscious, pancuronium bromide which causes paralysis and stops breathing, and, nally, potassium chloride to stop the heart.
Better training of the technicians who carry out lethal injections would help, and so would simplification of Oklahoma's needlessly complicated protocol, which calls for three drugs when one large dose of a barbiturate such as sodium thiopental would do.
States have been scrambling in recent years to come up with a new formula for executions after their stockpiles expired or ran out when European manufacturers of such previously used drugs as pentobarbital and sodium thiopental stopped selling them for use in executions.