Although sodium restriction
often lowers blood pressure in people with hypertension, the adverse effects of sodium restriction
during pregnancy appear to outweigh any potential benefit.
In patients with congestive heart failure, sodium restriction
and small reductions in weight may dramatically improve ventricular function and oxygenation.
European and North American heart failure management guidelines recommend sodium restriction
for patients with systolic and diastolic heart failure with preserved ejection fraction.
Double-blind randomised crossover trial of moderate sodium restriction
in essential hypertension.
Effect of dietary sodium restriction
on patients receiving antihypertensive medication.
There is also research to show sodium restriction
leads to an increase in blood pressure nearly as often as it lowers it.
The treatment of ascites includes the use of dietary sodium restriction
, diuretics (loop diuretics and or spironolactone) and large volume paracentesis.
Doctors long have prescribed sodium restriction
for treating high blood pressure.
Conservative medical treatment of symptomatic mitral stenosis includes bed rest, sodium restriction
, and medications.
The fact that sodium restriction
had such a marked effect, even in the context of a fairly unhealthy diet, is important news in that it offers hope even for patients who are unwilling or unable to make a total dietary overhaul.
The mainstays of treatment are sodium restriction
, diuretics, vestibular suppressants, vasodilators, and physical rehabilitation.
For example, a study reported last March in the Journal of the American Medical Association found that some 80-to-84-year-old hypertension patients reduced their blood pressure through monitored sodium restriction
and weight loss.