social distance

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social distance

Psychology A zone of space in which most social interactions occur; SDs may be 1. Close–2.5 m–12-25 feet, which corresponds to informal situations, in which one–or more persons are 'in control', as in a teacher talking to students in a classroom, or a manager addressing subordinate and 2. Far–> 8m or >25 feet, which corresponds to 'formal' distances, such as in lectures, political rallies, etc. See Proxemics. Cf Intimate distance, Personal distance, Public distance.


pertaining to living in a community.

social behavior
behavior of an animal to others in its social group of herd, flock, neighbors. See also social behavior.
social benefits
the benefits to a community that cannot be measured by material values, better social justice, freedom from fear, improvement in educational facilities. The fundamental parameter in a cost-benefit analysis.
social costs
the costs incurred by society as a whole rather than by individuals. Used in the estimation of benefit-cost analysis.
social distance
average distance between animals in a community. An expression of the concentration of the animals in the environment.
social dominance heirarchy
social order.
social order
the ranking in which a group of animals establishes itself with the most dominant one in the number one position and the most retiring one in the last position. The order is maintained unless new animals are introduced.
social organization
an aggregation of individual animals into an integrated group based on the interdependence of the animals and their responses to each other.
social stress
thought to be a common cause of illness in domestic pets and to a less extent in pigs, e.g. in esophagogastric ulcer.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a sample of counselors, social workers, and psychologists (Smith & Cashwell, 2010), mental health professionals had less negative attitudes than those not engaged in mental health care; however, there were differences in preference for social distance in mental health professionals according to professional identity (Smith & Cashwell, 2011).
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate judgments of concern and time devoted towards solving an environmental outcome that differed in (a) the delay until the event, (b) who the event affected (measured in social distance from the individual), and (c) the likelihood of the event occurring.
Further, frequent contact at high levels of social distance, such as only observing medial depictions, could even have a negative impact on students' attitudes, given that socially distant depictions of stigmatized groups are often negative (Wahl, 1992).
Both increased desire for social distance and willingness to place restrictions are considered important measures of stigma (Couture & Penn, 2003).
According to Brown and Levinson (1987), the sociological variables power and social distance affect the use of politeness strategies.
Key words: Social distance, whites, minorities, blacks, Hispanics, Asians
In Social Distance (1959), sociologist Emory Bogardus presented a culmination of more than four decades of research into what he called "the degree of sympathetic understanding that functions between person and person, between person and group, and between group and group.
Indirection is one of the primary strategies for polite conversational interaction when one is in a relatively powerless position or when one is in a conversation with a relative stranger (that is, when there is great social distance between speakers).
Scayl has the ability to socialize email with a rich contact database organized around the role and social distance of contacts, and aggregates other social networking profiles.
The instructor who uses humor is seen as one who is more human, lessening the social distance that exists between faculty and student (Nahas, 1998).