small for gestational age

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Related to small for gestational age: Large for gestational age

small for gestational age

Intrauterine growth retardation Neonatology adjective Referring to an infant whose gestational age and weight gain are < expected for age. See Low birthweight.

small for ges·ta·tion·al age

(SGA) (smawl jes-tā'shŭn-ăl āj)
Infant whose birth weight is below the tenth percentile for gestational age.

small for gestational age



1. Term describing an infant whose birth weight is at or below the 10th percentile, as correlated with the number of weeks in utero on the intrauterine growth chart.
2. A fetus that is more than two standard deviations smaller than the mean size of fetuses in its population.
References in periodicals archive ?
All small for gestational age neonates, meriting inclusion criteria were included in the study.
Neonatal outcomes after antenatal influenza immunization during the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic: impact on preterm birth, birth weight, and small for gestational age birth.
The aim of this study is to provide information on mental health problems of small for gestational age children at age 10 among a Brazilian cohort of both children born SGA and those born appropriate for gestational age (AGA); and to assess the association of these problems with child and family characteristics.
Adverse pregnancy outcome and association with small for gestational age birth weight by customised and population-based percentiles.
Developmental outcome and follow-up of the small for gestational age infant.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- Mothers' vitamin D levels at a gestation of 26 weeks or less were positively related to birth weight and head circumference, and, in the first trimester were negatively associated with risk of a baby being born small for gestational age.
At birth these individuals were small for gestational age, and as adults they had increased incidence of obesity, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.
Thresholds for small for gestational age among newborns of East Asian and South Asian ancestry.
The results showed that pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, and giving birth to babies who were small for gestational age were associated with an increased risk of heart disease.
population; infants born after their mother's influenza hospitalization discharge were more likely to be small for gestational age.
Continued use of antiretrovirals starting before conception was associated with very small for gestational age and high blood pressure during pregnancy but not with very pre-term delivery.

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