Incidentally, listening, the other part of VB, is not covered in this paper; but see Schlinger, 2008b for the Skinnerian
view that listening is behaving verbally.
In fact, currently constructed ITSs may be supplied with multimedia and converse with the user in the target language, but the proportion between student-control and tutor-control of the system, as well as the type of tasks, has not changed much since Skinnerian
According to Skinnerian
theory, the grain size of instruction
The very complex processes of rabbinic dialectic elaborated in the following pages are not, I emphasize at the outset, elaborated for a closed circle of Skinnerian
readers, or for what John Milton would call in his Paradise Lost, a "fit audience though few.
The most recent years represented are 1991 for the definition of AUSTRAL, and 1990 for the etymology of SKINNERIAN
Although I am a strict behaviorist in the Skinnerian
The conventional application of Skinnerian
theory and the uninformed use of "audiovisual aids" and technologies like the computer, for example, do much to reinforce the metaphysics of immediacy.
Assertive discipline (Canter, 1976), the original Glasser (1969) model (more recent work by Glasser acknowledges the importance of context); and Skinnerian
models (Charles, 1992) all focus on the individual as the source of the problem without acknowledging social and cultural influences.
Here, yesterday's New Wave heroine plays today's victim of Skinnerian
The late Alex Carey used to say that the American war in Vietnam was a giant Skinnerian
experiment in operant conditioning, as are all exercises in imperial military might.
The Optimal Learning Environment (OLE) classrooms that we have helped to set up in California reflect this philosophy and use not only a set of very specific nonreductionist instructional strategies but also a different set of instructional principles than what is currently found in the Skinnerian
classrooms for the learning-handicapped (Rueda, Ruiz, and Figueroa 1996; Ruiz, Garcia, and Figueroa 1996).
Here -- drawing upon Skinnerian
regional cycle theory -- the emphasis is upon "pull" rather than "push" factors in migration: a cycle of economic expansion in one region drew immigrants from a zone of contemporary economic contraction.